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Immunohistochemical study on the postnatal growth changes of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis and tibial cartilage

 Tae-Min Yoon  ;  Sun-Hyung Park  ;  Mi-Jeong Kwon  ;  Kee-Joon Lee 
 Trends in Orthodontics, Vol.9(3) : 149-155, 2019 
Journal Title
Trends in Orthodontics
Issue Date
Fibroblast growth factor receptor ; Cranial base ; Synchondrosis ; Tibia ; Immunohistochemistry
Introduction: The synchondrosis contributes to the growth of overall skull. The growth plate of the tibia is an analogous structure to the synchondrosis. The fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) are known to play an essential role in the proliferation and differentiation of cartilaginous cells.

Methods: This study was purposed to examine the histological features of spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS) and tibial cartilage (TC) and the expression pattern of FGFR-1, -2 and proliferating cell nuclei antigen (PCNA) in SOS and TC of the postnatal mouse using an immunohistochemical method.

Results: The width of SOS and TC reduced with age. The width of the SOS decreased, and then maintained, while the width of TC decreased gradually. Expression pattern of FGFRs indicated that they were involved in the postnatal bone growth and development. In SOS, FGFR-1 expression increased until the 14th day, and then, it showed a notable decrease. Comparing the level of expression, TC showed a stronger level than SOS at most stages. FGFR-2 showed in the resting and proliferating zones at an earlier stage of differentiation. With age, FGFR-2 expression reduced in previous zone and increased in the hypertrophic zone at both tissues. In PCNA study, cell proliferation was active in the resting and proliferating zone at an early stage. As mouse matured, the PCNA-positive cells usually expressed in the newly formed endosteal bone surface.

Conclusions: This approach revealed a temporal and spatial change of FGFR-1, -2 expressions. The expression pattern of PCNA indicated that the chondrocytes of TC had more active metabolism than SOS at most of the stages. We can also speculate that FGFR-1 is a negative regulator of chondrogenesis, and FGFR-2 is a positive regulator of chondrogenesis.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Sun Hyung(박선형) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5293-875X
Lee, Kee Joon(이기준) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0782-3128
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