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Optimized Treatment for Infantile Spasms: Vigabatrin versus Prednisolone versus Combination Therapy

Authors
 Jongsung Hahn  ;  Gyunam Park  ;  Hoon-Chul Kang  ;  Joon Soo Lee  ;  Heung Dong Kim  ;  Se Hee Kim  ;  Min Jung Chang 
Citation
 Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol.8(10) : E1591, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Clinical Medicine 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Combination of vigabatrin with prednisolone ; First-line treatment ; Higher dose of prednisolone ; Infantile spasms
Abstract
Hormone therapies and vigabatrin are first-line agents in infantile spasms, but more than one-third of patients fail to respond to these treatments. This was a retrospective study of patients with infantile spasms who were treated between January 2005 and December 2017. We analyzed the response rates of initial treatment and second-line treatment. Responders were defined as those in whom cessation of spasms was observed for a period of at least one month, within 2 weeks of treatment initiation. Regarding the response rate to initial treatment, combination therapy of vigabatrin with prednisolone showed a significantly better response than that of vigabatrin monotherapy (55.3% vs. 39.1%, p = 0.037). Many drugs, such as clobazam, topiramate, and levetiracetam, were used as second-line agents after the failure of vigabatrin. Among these, no antiepileptic drug showed as good a response as prednisolone. For patients who used prednisolone, the proportion of responders was significantly higher in the higher-dose group (≥40 mg/day) than in the lower-dose group (66.7% vs. 12.5%, p = 0.028). Further studies of combination therapy to assess dosage protocols and long-term outcomes are needed.
Files in This Item:
T201903677.pdf Download
DOI
10.3390/jcm8101591
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Hoon Chul(강훈철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3659-8847
Kim, Se Hee(김세희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7773-1942
Kim, Heung Dong(김흥동) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8031-7336
Lee, Joon Soo(이준수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9036-9343
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171492
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