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Prognostic Implications of the Left Atrial Volume Index in Patients with Progressive Mitral Stenosis

 In-Jeong Cho  ;  Hyeonju Jeong  ;  Jah-Yeon Choi  ;  Sang-Eun Lee  ;  Hyuk-Jae Chang 
 Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound, Vol.27(2) : 122-133, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound 
Issue Date
Left atrial volume ; Mitral stenosis ; Prognosis
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the prognosis of progressive mitral stenosis (MS). We evaluated the factors associated with adverse events in patients with progressive MS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 259 consecutive patients with pure progressive MS with a mitral valve area (MVA) between 1.5 and 2.0 cm². The primary outcome measures were a composite endpoint of cardiac death, heart failure hospitalization, mitral valve surgery or percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty, and ischemic stroke. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 62 ± 12 years, and the mean MVA was 1.71 ± 0.15 cm². Over a median follow-up duration of 52 months, a total of 41 patients (18.3%) experienced the composite endpoint. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, prior stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 4.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.16-9.54; p < 0.001) and left atrial volume index (LAVI) of > 50 mL/m² (HR, 4.45; 95% CI, 1.31-15.31; p = 0.017) were identified as independent predictors of the composite endpoint, even after adjusting for age and sex. Patients with a LAVI ≤ 50 mL/m² demonstrated favorable event-free survival compared with those with a LAVI > 50 mL/m² in either the overall population (p < 0.001) or asymptomatic patients (p = 0.002). Atrial fibrillation (AF), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), MVA, and mean diastolic pressure were factors independently associated with LAVI (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A deleterious impact of a high LAVI on outcome was observed in patients with progressive MS. The LAVI was mainly influenced by the presence of AF, the severity of MS, and LVMI in this population.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Hyuk-Jae(장혁재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-7545
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