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Prognostic Implications of the Left Atrial Volume Index in Patients with Progressive Mitral Stenosis

Authors
 In-Jeong Cho  ;  Hyeonju Jeong  ;  Jah-Yeon Choi  ;  Sang-Eun Lee  ;  Hyuk-Jae Chang 
Citation
 Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound, Vol.27(2) : 122-133, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound 
ISSN
 1975-4612 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Left atrial volume ; Mitral stenosis ; Prognosis
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Limited data are available on the prognosis of progressive mitral stenosis (MS). We evaluated the factors associated with adverse events in patients with progressive MS. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 259 consecutive patients with pure progressive MS with a mitral valve area (MVA) between 1.5 and 2.0 cm². The primary outcome measures were a composite endpoint of cardiac death, heart failure hospitalization, mitral valve surgery or percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty, and ischemic stroke. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 62 ± 12 years, and the mean MVA was 1.71 ± 0.15 cm². Over a median follow-up duration of 52 months, a total of 41 patients (18.3%) experienced the composite endpoint. In multivariable Cox regression analysis, prior stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 4.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.16-9.54; p < 0.001) and left atrial volume index (LAVI) of > 50 mL/m² (HR, 4.45; 95% CI, 1.31-15.31; p = 0.017) were identified as independent predictors of the composite endpoint, even after adjusting for age and sex. Patients with a LAVI ≤ 50 mL/m² demonstrated favorable event-free survival compared with those with a LAVI > 50 mL/m² in either the overall population (p < 0.001) or asymptomatic patients (p = 0.002). Atrial fibrillation (AF), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), MVA, and mean diastolic pressure were factors independently associated with LAVI (all p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: A deleterious impact of a high LAVI on outcome was observed in patients with progressive MS. The LAVI was mainly influenced by the presence of AF, the severity of MS, and LVMI in this population.
Files in This Item:
T201903616.pdf Download
DOI
10.4250/jcvi.2019.27.e20
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Chang, Hyuk-Jae(장혁재) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6139-7545
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171472
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