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Evaluation of the South Korean national long-term care insurance-funded cognitive function training programme for older people with mild dementia

Authors
 Yeong Jun Ju  ;  Chung Mo Nam  ;  Sang Gyu Lee  ;  Sohee Park  ;  Myung-Il Hahm  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 Age and Aging, Vol.48(5) : 636-642, 2019 
Journal Title
 Age and Aging 
ISSN
 0002-0729 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Cognitive function training ; Cognitive function, Older people ; Dementia ; Long-term care insurance ; Special dementia rating
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: despite the extensive literature on the effectiveness of cognitive training, its effectiveness has not been demonstrated within a population-based long-term care system. To provide cognitive training services to older people with mild dementia, Korea introduced a special dementia rating, as a long-term care grades, in the national long-term care insurance in July 2014. These services are only offered to those with the special dementia rating. This study evaluated the national long-term care insurance-funded cognitive function training programme for older people with mild dementia. METHODS: data were derived from the Korean National Health Insurance Elderly Cohort database between 2008 and 2015. We compared changes in function between the intervention (n = 352) and control (n = 1952) groups before (2014) and after (2015) introduction of the cognitive function training programme. Difference-in-differences analysis was performed, to compare changes in each score between the intervention and control groups before and after introduction of the cognitive function training programme. RESULTS: introduction of the cognitive function training programme was associated with significantly less cognitive function decline in the intervention group than in the control groups (β = -3.39; standard errors [SE] = 1.14; P = 0.003). A subgroup analysis revealed that this effect increased in subjects in the youngest group, low income bracket, who had a primary caregiver, who were supported in multiple activities of daily living by the primary caregiver, or who were not living alone. CONCLUSIONS: introduction of the cognitive function training programme was associated with positive effects on cognitive function.
Full Text
https://academic.oup.com/ageing/article/48/5/636/5527864
DOI
10.1093/ageing/afz067
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Nam, Jung Mo(남정모) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0985-0928
Park, So Hee(박소희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8513-5163
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Lee, Sang Gyu(이상규) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4847-2421
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171401
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