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Role of B-Cell Translocation Gene 1 in the Pathogenesis of Endometriosis

 Jeong Sook Kim  ;  Young Sik Choi  ;  Ji Hyun Park  ;  Jisun Yun  ;  Soohyun Kim  ;  Jae Hoon Lee  ;  Bo Hyon Yun  ;  Joo Hyun Park  ;  Seok Kyo Seo  ;  SiHyun Cho  ;  Hyun-Soo Kim  ;  Byung Seok Lee 
 International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol.20(13) : E3372, 2019 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Molecular Sciences 
Issue Date
BTG1 ; endometriosis ; human endometrial stromal cells
Estrogen affects endometrial cellular proliferation by regulating the expression of the c-myc gene. B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1), a translocation partner of the c-myc, is a tumor suppressor gene that promotes apoptosis and negatively regulates cellular proliferation and cell-to-cell adhesion. The aim of this study was to determine the role of BTG1 in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. BTG1 mRNA and protein expression was evaluated in eutopic and ectopic endometrium of 30 patients with endometriosis (endometriosis group), and in eutopic endometrium of 22 patients without endometriosis (control group). The effect of BTG1 downregulation on cellular migration, proliferation, and apoptosis was evaluated using transfection of primarily cultured human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) with BTG1 siRNA. BTG1 mRNA expression level of eutopic and ectopic endometrium of endometriosis group were significantly lower than that of the eutopic endometrium of the control group. Migration and wound healing assays revealed that BTG1 downregulation resulted in a significant increase in migration potential of HESCs, characterized by increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and MMP9. Downregulation of BTG1 in HESCs significantly reduced Caspase 3 expression, indicating a decrease in apoptotic potential. In conclusion, our data suggest that downregulation of BTG1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Joo Hyun(박주현)
Seo, Seok Kyo(서석교) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3404-0484
Yun, Bo Hyon(윤보현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5703-797X
Yun, Jisun(윤지선)
Lee, Byung Seok(이병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6001-2079
Lee, Jae Hoon(이재훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4223-1395
Cho, Si Hyun(조시현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2718-6645
Choi, Young Sik(최영식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1157-4822
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