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Clinical outcomes of mechanical and transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy in low myopia with a large ablation zone

 Ikhyun Jun  ;  David Sung Yong Kang  ;  Samuel Arba-Mosquera  ;  Seung Ki Jean  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Tae-im Kim 
 Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery, Vol.45(7) : 977-984, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 
Issue Date
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical outcomes, vector parameters, and aberrations between mechanical photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and transepithelial PRK in eyes with low myopia. SETTING: Yonsei University College of Medicine and Eyereum Eye Clinic, Seoul, Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective, comparative case series. METHODS: Eighty-four eyes of 84 patients with low myopia (≤2.00 diopters) were treated with mechanical or transepithelial PRK (41 eyes and 43 eyes, respectively), with the application of a large optical zone (OZ). Visual acuity, manifest refraction, slitlamp evaluation, autokeratometry, corneal topography, and the evaluation of corneal wavefront aberrations were measured preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. The efficacy, predictability, vector parameters, corneal aberrations, and safety at 6 months after surgery were compared between the two treatment groups. RESULTS: The mean uncorrected distance visual acuity was comparable, at -0.13 ± 0.05 (SD) and -0.15 ± 0.05, in the mechanical and transepithelial PRK groups, respectively, at 6 months after surgery. The safety and efficacy indices, vector parameters, and aberrometric values were also comparable between the two groups. The OZ was large in both groups (7.09 ± 0.20 mm and 7.12 ± 0.27 mm in the mechanical PRK and transepithelial PRK groups, respectively), and showed no significant difference between groups. The corneal total root-mean-square higher-order aberrations and coma significantly reduced after treatment in both groups, and spherical aberrations significantly decreased after transepithelial PRK. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical and transepithelial PRK with a large OZ provided effective and safe outcomes for the correction of low myopia without differences in visual acuity and refractive outcomes between procedures.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Tae Im(김태임) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
Seo, Kyoung Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
Jun, Ik Hyun(전익현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2160-1679
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