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Prevalence of Thyroid Disease in Patients Surgically Treated for Pituitary Disease

 Daham Kim  ;  Yongin Cho  ;  Cheol Ryong Ku  ;  Hyein Jung  ;  Ju Hyung Moon  ;  Eui Hyun Kim  ;  Dong Yeob Shin  ;  Sun Ho Kim  ;  Eun Jig Lee 
 Journal of Clinical Medicine, Vol.8(8) : E1142, 2019 
Journal Title
 Journal of Clinical Medicine 
Issue Date
hyperthyroidism ; hypothyroidism ; pituitary disease ; prevalence ; thyroid cancer ; thyroid disease
Thyroid disease mainly has a thyroid origin but can occasionally have a pituitary origin. Clinicians face several challenges when these conditions occur together. We aimed to determine the prevalence of thyroid disorders in patients undergoing trans-sphenoidal adenomectomy (TSA) for pituitary disease. We reviewed the medical records of patients undergoing TSA for pituitary disease between 2008 and 2017 at Severance Hospital. Thyroid disorders were categorized using blood test results and medical histories at the time of preoperative evaluation. Among 2202 patients, 44 (2%), 218 (9.9%), and 74 (3.4%) had hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, and post-thyroidectomy status before TSA, respectively. Among the 44 patients with hyperthyroidism, 30 (68.2%) had central hyperthyroidism. Among the 218 patients with hypothyroidism, 165 (75.7%) had central hypothyroidism. Central hypothyroidism was more common in patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone-secreting pituitary adenomas (aOR (adjusted odds ratio) 1.85), Rathke's cleft cysts (aOR 2.34), and craniopharyngiomas (aOR 2.58) (all p < 0.05) than in those with nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas. Contrastingly, thyroid cancer had an increased prevalence in patients with growth hormone- (aOR 3.17), prolactin- (aOR 3.66), and thyroid-stimulating hormone-secreting (aOR 6.28) pituitary adenomas (all p < 0.05). Pituitary disease sometimes accompanies thyroid disorders; their characteristics vary according to the type of pituitary disease.
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Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurosurgery (신경외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ku, Cheol Ryong(구철룡) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8693-9630
Kim, Daham(김다함) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1871-686X
Kim, Sun Ho(김선호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0970-3848
Kim, Eui Hyun(김의현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2523-7122
Moon, Ju Hyung(문주형)
Shin, Dong Yeob(신동엽) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1048-7978
Lee, Eun Jig(이은직) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-8370
Jung, Hyein(정혜인)
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