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The Prognosis of Papillary Thyroid Cancer with Initial Distant Metastasis is Strongly Associated with Extensive Extrathyroidal Extension: A Retrospective Cohort Study

 Young Ki Lee  ;  Daham Kim  ;  Dong Yeob Shin  ;  Cho Rok Lee  ;  Eun Jig Lee  ;  Sang-Wook Kang  ;  Jandee Lee  ;  Jong Ju Jeong  ;  Kee-Hyun Nam  ;  Woong Youn Chung  ;  Cheong Soo Park 
 Annals of Surgical Oncology, Vol.26(7) : 2200-2209, 2019 
Journal Title
 Annals of Surgical Oncology 
Issue Date
BACKGROUND: Extensive extrathyroidal extension (ETE) has a significant role in the prognosis of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) without distant metastasis, but its role in PTC with initial distant metastasis has never been studied. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of extensive ETE regarding disease progression, survival, and remission in PTC patients with initial distant metastasis. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included PTC patients with initial distant metastasis who underwent total thyroidectomy with a median follow-up period of 6.7 years. The prognostic significance of extensive ETE was assessed in terms of time to tumor progression (TTP), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and cumulative incidence of remission with all-cause death as the competing event. RESULTS: The study enrolled 64 patients. Of these patients, 21 (32.8%) had extensive ETE, which was associated with a shorter TTP (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 4.10; p = 0.015) and a lower CSS rate (p = 0.002, log-rank), particularly for patients 55 years of age or older with stage 4b disease (10-year CSS rate: 33.3% in those with and 92.3% in those without extensive ETE; p = 0.017). Additionally, remission was observed only in patients without extensive ETE (10-year cumulative incidence of remission: 0.0% in those with and 29.3% in those without extensive ETE; p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Extensive ETE of the primary lesion results in poorer prognoses for PTC patients with initial distant metastasis. The high CSS rate for patients with stage 4b PTC but no extensive ETE indicates that the prognosis of this patient population should be distinguished from that of other stage 4 cases.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Surgery (외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Sang Wook(강상욱) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5355-833X
Kim, Daham(김다함) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1871-686X
Nam, Kee Hyun(남기현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6852-1190
Park, Cheong Soo(박정수)
Shin, Dong Yeob(신동엽) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1048-7978
Lee, Young Ki(이영기)
Lee, Eun Jig(이은직) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-8370
Lee, Jan Dee(이잔디) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4090-0049
Lee, Cho Rok(이초록) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7848-3709
Chung, Woung Youn(정웅윤)
Jeong, Jong Ju(정종주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4155-6035
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