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A case-controlled, retrospective, comparative study on the use of biodegradable synthetic polyurethane foam versus polyvinyl acetate sponge after nasal fracture reduction

Authors
 H.-S. Jeong  ;  H.-K. Lee  ;  H.-S. Kim  ;  M.-S. Moon  ;  K.-C. Tark 
Citation
 Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol.43(6) : 717-721, 2014 
Journal Title
 Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 
ISSN
 0278-2391 
Issue Date
2014
MeSH
Absorbable Implants* ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Animals ; Case-Control Studies ; Child ; Esthetics ; Female ; Formaldehyde/therapeutic use* ; Fracture Fixation/instrumentation ; Fracture Fixation/methods* ; Fractures, Bone/surgery* ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nasal Bone/injuries* ; Polyurethanes/therapeutic use* ; Polyvinyl Alcohol/therapeutic use* ; Porifera ; Postoperative Complications ; Retrospective Studies ; Rhinoplasty/methods ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Treatment Outcome
Keywords
nasal bone fracture ; nasal mucosa ; nasal surgical procedures
Abstract
One of the most frequently used packing materials in closed reduction of a nasal bone fracture is the hydroxylated polyvinyl acetate sponge (PVAS; Merocel(®)); however this may cause synechia, epistaxis, and pain. Synthetic polyurethane foam (SPF; Nasopore(®) Forte) has recently been used in septoplasty to prevent synechia or restenosis and haematoma formation. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of PVAS and SPF on postoperative appearance and discomfort following the reduction of nasal bone fractures. We retrospectively reviewed all patient questionnaires and medical histories, and clinical photographs and computed tomography scans obtained before and after surgery. Outcomes were assessed using the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (GAIS) score and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, which were used to assess discomfort during the 6-month follow-up period. Postoperatively, there was no statistically significant difference in the GAIS for the two packing materials (P > 0.05). Postoperative epistaxis was observed at a significantly lower rate in the SPF group than in the PVAS group, whereas anterior rhinorrhea and posterior nasal drip occurred at significantly higher rates following removal of packing in the SPF group (P < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that synthetic dissolvable polyurethane may be a reliable alternative material for nasal packing and postoperative management following the reduction of nasal bone fractures.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0901502714000538
DOI
10.1016/j.ijom.2013.12.008
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (성형외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Jeong, Hii Sun(정희선)
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/171181
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