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Two Novel Bacteriophages Improve Survival in Galleria mellonella Infection and Mouse Acute Pneumonia Models Infected with Extensively Drug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

 Jongsoo Jeon  ;  Dongeun Yong 
 Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol.85(9) : e02900-18, 2019 
Journal Title
 Applied and Environmental Microbiology 
Issue Date
Galleria mellonella infection ; Pseudomonas aeruginosa ; Siphoviridae ; bacteriophage ; biofilm ; mouse acute pneumonia ; phage therapy
Extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDR-PA) is a life-threatening pathogen that causes serious global problems. Here, we investigated two novel P. aeruginosa bacteriophages (phages), Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836, in vitro, in silico, and in vivo to evaluate the potential of phage therapy to control XDR-PA clinical strains. Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836 belong to the Siphoviridae family and exhibited broad host ranges which could lyse 18 (64%) and 14 (50%) of the 28 XDR-PA strains. In addition, the two phages showed strong bacteriolytic activity against XDR-PA host strains from pneumonia patients. The whole genomes of Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836 have linear double-stranded DNA of 60,919 and 37,714 bp, respectively. The complete sequence of Bϕ-R656 had very low similarity to the previously discovered P. aeruginosa phages in GenBank, but phage Bϕ-R1836 exhibited 98% and 91% nucleotide similarity to Pseudomonas phages YMC12/01/R24 and PA1/KOR/2010, respectively. In the two in vivo infection models, treatment with Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836 enhanced the survival of Galleria mellonella larvae (50% and 60%, respectively) at 72 h postinfection and pneumonia-model mice (66% and 83%, respectively) at 12 days postinfection compared with untreated controls. Treatment with Bϕ-R656 or Bϕ-R1836 also significantly decreased the bacterial load in the lungs of the mouse pneumonia model (>6 log10 CFU and >4 log10 CFU, respectively) on day 5.IMPORTANCE In this study, two novel P. aeruginosa phages, Bϕ-R656 and Bϕ-R1836, were evaluated in vitro, in silico, and in vivo for therapeutic efficacy and safety as an alternative antibacterial agent to control XDR-PA strains collected from pneumonia patients. Both phages exhibited potent bacteriolytic activity and greatly improved survival in G. mellonella larva infection and a mouse acute pneumonia model. Based on these results, we strongly predict that these two new phages could be used as fast-acting and safe alternative biological weapons against XDR-PA infections.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Yong, Dong Eun(용동은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
Jeon, Jong Soo(전종수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7213-5663
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