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Association between breakfast frequency and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk: a cross-sectional study of KNHANES data, 2014-2016

 Hyeon Ji Lee  ;  Jieun Jang  ;  Sang Ah Lee  ;  Dong-Woo Choi  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol.16(10) : E1853, 2019 
Journal Title
 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 
Issue Date
breakfast ;  cardiovascular disease ; lifestyle ; meals ; public health
The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing worldwide and one related lifestyle choice is breakfast consumption. This studyexamined the association between breakfast frequency and the 10-year risk of atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD). The 10-year risk of ASCVD was defined as the risk of the first event of nonfatal myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease death, and nonfatal or fatal stroke within 10 years. Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2014-2016 were analyzed, and 7212 participants aged 40-79 years with no history of CVD were included. ASCVD risk was calculated according to the pooled cohort ASCVD equation, and participants with a score >7.5% were considered at high risk of ASCVD. The association between breakfast frequency and high ASCVD risk was confirmed by logistic regression analysis. Participants who never ate breakfast were more likely to be in the high-risk group compared to participants who ate breakfast >5 times per week (OR (adjusted odds ratio) = 1.46; 95% CI (confidence interval) = 1.12-1.89), and the riskwas especially higher in female participants and those with a family history of CVD. Our study confirms that breakfast consumption even once per week may prevent CVD.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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