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Adjustment of Spherical Equivalent Correction According to Cap Thickness for Myopic Small Incision Lenticule Extraction

 Hun Lee  ;  David Sung Yong Kang  ;  Dan Z. Reinstein  ;  Cynthia J. Roberts  ;  Renato Ambrósio Jr.  ;  Timothy J. Archer  ;  Seung Ki Jean  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Ikhyun Jun  ;  Tae-im Kim 
 JOURNAL OF REFRACTIVE SURGERY, Vol.35(3) : 153-160, 2019 
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Adult ; Cornea/pathology* ; Corneal Pachymetry ; Corneal Stroma/surgery* ; Corneal Surgery, Laser/methods* ; Corneal Wavefront Aberration/physiopathology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Microsurgery/methods ; Middle Aged ; Myopia/physiopathology ; Myopia/surgery* ; Refraction, Ocular/physiology ; Retrospective Studies ; Visual Acuity/physiology ; Young Adult
PURPOSE: To evaluate the amount of spherical equivalent correction for three different cap thicknesses (120, 130, and 140 µm) during myopic small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and determine the association between the amount of spherical equivalent correction and several variables in each cap thickness group. METHODS: In this retrospective, comparative, observational case series study, the authors compared refractive errors, keratometric values, laser setting (sphere correction, cylinder correction, spherical equivalent correction, optical zone, and cap diameter), and spherical aberration measured preoperatively and at 3 months postoperatively between three different cap thickness groups: 120 µm (n = 554), 130 µm (n = 377), and 140 µm (n = 90). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to determine the associations between the amount of spherical equivalent correction and several variables, including age, preoperative spherical equivalent, optical zone diameter, central corneal thickness, preoperative mean keratometric values, and preoperative corneal asphericity. RESULTS: According to cap thickness, attempted correction is adjusted to achieve the same refractive outcomes for different cap thicknesses. There were significant differences in the amount of sphere correction and spherical equivalent correction, as well as lenticule thickness, among subgroups. Changes in keratometric values, corneal asphericity, and spherical aberration were also significantly different among subgroups (all P < .001). Changes in keratometric values, corneal asphericity, and spherical aberration significantly increased as cap thickness increased. Preoperative spherical equivalent mainly influenced the amount of spherical equivalent correction in each group. CONCLUSIONS: Dioptric adjustment of spherical equivalent correction according to cap thickness is essential to obtain similar refractive outcomes in myopic SMILE procedures.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Tae Im(김태임) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
Seo, Kyuong Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
Jun, Ik Hyun(전익현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2160-1679
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