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Nomogram Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Visual Field Parameters to Predict Brain Lesions in Patients with Bitemporal Hemianopia

Authors
 Sangah Kim  ;  Hyoung Won Bae  ;  Chan Keum Park  ;  Kwanghyun Lee  ;  Sang Yeop Lee  ;  Gong Je Seong & Chan Yun Kim 
Citation
 CURRENT EYE RESEARCH, Vol.44(1) : 89-95, 2019 
Journal Title
 CURRENT EYE RESEARCH 
ISSN
 0271-3683 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Nomogram ; bitemporal hemianopia ; brain lesion ; optical coherence tomography ; visual field
Abstract
PURPOSE: This study aims to develop a nomogram to predict brain lesions in patients with complete or incomplete bitemporal hemianopia by combining results from optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual field (VF) testing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify brain lesions due to bitemporal hemianopia between January 2010 and March 2017, retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups based on MRI findings: brain-lesion (+) group that had brain lesions on MRI (n = 63), and brain-lesion (-) group without brain lesions on MRI (n = 16). We compared OCT and VF findings between the two groups to find factors that could predict a brain lesion. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to select prognostic factors, and we constructed a nomogram to predict brain lesions on MRI. RESULT: The VF mean deviation was lower (p = 0.011) and all sectors of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness except the temporal region were thicker in the brain-lesion (+) group. However, there was no statistically significant difference in macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer between the two groups. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the nomogram for predicting brain lesions on MRI was 0.916. CONCLUSION: We developed a nomogram using VF and OCT examinations as a novel and accurate screening method to predict brain lesions in patients with bitemporal hemianopia and aid ophthalmologists and other clinicians in deciding whether to further evaluate a patient by MRI.
Full Text
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02713683.2018.1518460
DOI
10.1080/02713683.2018.1518460
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Sangah(김상아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8511-2903
Kim, Chan Yun(김찬윤) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8373-9999
Bae, Hyoung Won(배형원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8421-5636
Seong, Gong Je(성공제) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5456-4296
Lee, Kwanghyun(이광현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1587-3387
Lee, Sang Yeop(이상엽) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3834-7953
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/170046
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