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The association between intimate partner violence onset and gender-specific depression: A longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample

Authors
 Sarah Soyeon Oh  ;  Woorim Kim  ;  Sung-In Jang  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, Vol.250 : 79-84, 2019 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 
ISSN
 0165-0327 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
Depression ; Domestic violence ; Interpersonal violence ; Intimate partner violence
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious social problem that is often hidden, unnoticed or ignored. However, few studies have explored the effects of partner violence onset and/or persistence on the mental health of individuals. Thus, we aimed to investigate the association between IPV onset and depressive symptoms in both married men and women. METHODS: In this study, nationally representative data from the Korea Welfare Panel Study were employed to track 1040 men and 3732 women for a period of six years (2010-2015). Depressive symptoms were scored according to the 11-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-11). RESULTS: Of our study population, 415 men (39.9%) and 866 women (23.2%) suffered from continuous intimate partner violence, meaning that they reported experience of IPV in both the previous and current year of investigation. Such subjects had significantly higher CES-D-11 scores (men β: 1.745, p ≤ 0001; women β: 1.970, p  ≤ 0001) as did subjects whose partners turned violent from non-violent (men β: 1.623, p  ≤ 0001; women β: 1.594, p  ≤ 0001) than those with continuously non-violent partners (reference group). Subjects whose partners turned non-violent from violent continued to be more depressed (men β: 0.312, p  ≤ 009; women β: 0.880, p  ≤ 000) than those with continuously non-violent partners. Through subgroup analysis, we also found that lower SES, as a covariate relative to educational attainment, household income, and economic status, was associated with worsened depression following IPV onset. Unemployed women with consistently violent partners (β: 2.957, p  ≤ .0001) and unemployed men with newly violent partners (β: 3.010, p  ≤ .0001) were more depressed than the employed or self-employed. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that continuous IPV, as well as its onset, can have serious consequences for the mental health of its victims.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032718328787
DOI
10.1016/j.jad.2019.02.065
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
Jang, Sung In(장성인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0760-2878
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/169472
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