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Sofosbuvir and ledipasvir are associated with high sustained virologic response and improvement of health-related quality of life in East Asian patients with hepatitis C virus infection

 Zobair M. Younossi  ;  Maria Stepanova  ;  Linda Henry  ;  Kwang‐Hyub Han  ;  Sang Hoon Ahn  ;  Young‐Suk Lim  ;  Wan‐Long Chuang  ;  Jia‐Horng Kao  ;  Kinh V. Nguyen  ;  Ching Lung Lai  ;  Henry Lik‐Yuen Chan  ;  Lai Wei 
 JOURNAL OF VIRAL HEPATITIS, Vol.25(12) : 1429-1437, 2018 
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direct-acting antivirals ; health-related quality of life ; mental health ; physical functioning ; vitality
Although HCV infection is highly prevalent in East Asia, these patients have been underrepresented in HRQL studies. Here, we assess HRQL in East Asian HCV patients treated with different anti-HCV regimens. Patients completed Short Form-36 (SF-36) before, during and after treatment. A total of 989 HCV patients were enrolled in two phase 3 clinical trials [China: 60.2%, South Korea: 22.4%, Taiwan: 17.4%; genotype 1: 55.3%, treatment-naïve: 57.5%; cirrhosis: 14.0%]. Patients received pegylated interferon, sofosbuvir and ribavirin (Peg-IFN + SOF + RBV; n = 130, genotypes 1, 6) or SOF + RBV (n = 475, all genotypes) or SOF and ledipasvir (LDV/SOF; n = 384, genotype 1). The SVR-12 rates were 94.6%, 96.2% and 99.2%, respectively (P = 0.005). During treatment, Peg-IFN + SOF + RBV-treated group experienced significant declines in most HRQL scores (by the end of treatment, mean decline up to -12.0 points, all P < 0.05). Patients on SOF + RBV had milder HRQL impairment (up to -5.8 points, P < 0.05 for 5 of 8 HRQL domains). In contrast, patients receiving IFN- and RBV-free regimen with LDV/SOF had their HRQL scores improve (mean up to +4.3 points, P < 0.0001 for 3 of 8 scales). In multivariate analysis, receiving Peg-IFN + SOF + RBV was consistently independently associated with HRQL impairment during treatment (β: -10.3 to -16.4) and after achieving SVR-12 (β: -4.4 to -9.1) (all P < 0.01). The results were reproduced in a subgroup of patients enrolled in China. We conclude that in East Asian patients with HCV, HRQL improved from baseline after treatment with LDV/SOF but not with Peg-IFN + RBV-containing or Peg-IFN-free RBV-containing regimens. The HRQL impairment associated with the use of Peg-IFN persists even after achieving sustained virologic clearance.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Ahn, Sang Hoon(안상훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3629-4624
Han, Kwang-Hyub(한광협) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3960-6539
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