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Surgical Therapy of Peri-Implantitis with Local Minocycline: A 6-Month Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Authors
 J.K. Cha  ;  J.S. Lee  ;  C.S. Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH, Vol.98(3) : 288-295, 2019 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF DENTAL RESEARCH 
ISSN
 0022-0345 
Issue Date
2019
Keywords
alveolar bone loss ; anti-bacterial agents ; bone regeneration ; decontamination ; dental implants ; infection control
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical, microbial, and radiographic effects of local minocycline combined with surgical treatment of peri-implantitis. Fifty patients with peri-implantitis were recruited, and surgical treatment with the local application of either minocycline or placebo ointment was performed. The application of minocycline was repeated with supragingival debridement at 1, 3, and 6 mo postoperatively. Plaque index, gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and bleeding/suppuration on probing were measured at baseline and 1-, 3-, and 6-mo evaluations. The change in supporting bone level (SBL) measured with cone beam computed tomography was analyzed between baseline and 6 mo. Microbial analysis was performed with real-time polymerase chain reaction. Both groups exhibited improvements in clinical and radiographic measurements after surgical treatment. There was a significant difference in the changes of mean PPD between the test and control groups (2.68 ± 1.73 and 1.55 ± 1.86 mm, respectively, P = 0.039). The changes of mean GI and SBL differed significantly between the groups (ΔGI: 0.83 ± 0.60 and 0.40 ± 0.68; ΔSBL: 0.72 ± 0.56 and 0.31 ± 0.49 mm, respectively, P = 0.026 and 0.014). Treatment success rates (defined as PPD <5 mm, absence of bleeding/suppuration on probing, and no further bone loss) were 66.7% and 36.3% in the test and control groups, respectively. The count of red complex bacteria tended to decrease in both groups until 6 mo; however, no significant intergroup difference was found. None of the patients in the test group carried Porphyromonas gingivalis or Tannerella forsythia at 6 mo. These findings indicate that the repeated local delivery of minocycline combined with surgical treatment provides significant benefits in terms of clinical parameters and radiographic bone fill, with a higher treatment success rate in the short healing period (cris.nih.go.kr KCT0002844).
Full Text
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0022034518818479
DOI
10.1177/0022034518818479
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Periodontics (치주과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Chang Sung(김창성) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3902-1071
Lee, Jung Seok(이중석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1276-5978
Cha, Jae Kook(차재국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6817-9834
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/167512
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