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Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis induces inflammation in Graves' orbital fibroblasts

Authors
 Sung Jun Lee  ;  Jinjoo Kim  ;  JaeSang Ko  ;  Eun Jig Lee  ;  Hyoung Jun Koh  ;  Jin Sook Yoon 
Citation
 PLoS One, Vol.13(12) : e0209583, 2018 
Journal Title
 PLoS One 
Issue Date
2018
Abstract
Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), along with its receptor fibroblast growth factor-inducible (Fn)14, is associated with various biological activities including inflammation. However, its role in the pathogenesis of Graves' orbitopathy (GO) is unknown. In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which TWEAK regulates inflammatory signaling in orbital fibroblasts from GO patients. We found that TWEAK and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFA) mRNA levels were upregulated in GO as compared to non-GO tissue samples. TWEAK, TNF receptor (TNFR)1, TNFR2, and TNFR superfamily member 12A mRNA, and TWEAK and Fn14 protein levels were increased by interleukin (IL)-1β and TNF-α treatment. Treatment with exogenous recombinant TWEAK increased the transcript and protein expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 to a greater extent in GO than in non-GO cells, while treatment with the anti-Fn14 antibody ITEM4 suppressed TWEAK-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine release and hyaluronan production. Additionally, the serum level of TWEAK was higher in Graves' disease patients with (341.86 ± 86.3 pg/ml) as compared to those without (294.09 ± 41.44 pg/ml) GO and healthy subjects (255.33 ± 39.38 pg/ml), and was positively correlated with clinical activity score (r = 0.629, P < 0.001) and thyroid binding immunoglobulin level (r = 0.659, P < 0.001). These results demonstrate that TWEAK/Fn14 signaling contributes to GO pathogenesis. Moreover, serum TWEAK level is a potential diagnostic biomarker for inflammatory GO, and modulating TWEAK activity may be an effective therapeutic strategy for suppressing inflammation and tissue remodeling in GO.
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DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0209583
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
고재상(Ko, Jaesang) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3011-7213
고형준(Koh, Hyoung Jun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5932-8516
윤진숙(Yoon, Jin Sook) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8751-9467
이은직(Lee, Eun Jig) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9876-8370
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/167173
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