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TGF-β downregulation-induced cancer cell death is finely regulated by the SAPK signaling cascade

Authors
 Zhezhu Han  ;  Dongxu Kang  ;  Yeonsoo Joo  ;  Jihyun Lee  ;  Geun-Hyeok Oh  ;  Soojin Choi  ;  Suwan Ko  ;  Suyeon Je  ;  Hye Jin Choi  ;  Jae J. Song 
Citation
 EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE, Vol.50(12) : 162-180, 2018 
Journal Title
EXPERIMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE
ISSN
 1226-3613 
Issue Date
2018
Abstract
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling is increasingly recognized as a key driver in cancer. In progressive cancer tissues, TGF-β promotes tumor formation, and its increased expression often correlates with cancer malignancy. In this study, we utilized adenoviruses expressing short hairpin RNAs against TGF-β1 and TGF-β2 to investigate the role of TGF-β downregulation in cancer cell death. We found that the downregulation of TGF-β increased the phosphorylation of several SAPKs, such as p38 and JNK. Moreover, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was also increased by TGF-β downregulation, which triggered Akt inactivation and NOX4 increase-derived ROS in a cancer cell-type-specific manner. We also revealed the possibility of substantial gene fluctuation in response to TGF-β downregulation related to SAPKs. The expression levels of Trx and GSTM1, which encode inhibitory proteins that bind to ASK1, were reduced, likely a result of the altered translocation of Smad complex proteins rather than from ROS production. Instead, both ROS and ROS-mediated ER stress were responsible for the decrease in interactions between ASK1 and Trx or GSTM1. Through these pathways, ASK1 was activated and induced cytotoxic tumor cell death via p38/JNK activation and (or) induction of ER stress.
Files in This Item:
T201804731.pdf.pdf Download
DOI
10.1038/s12276-018-0189-8
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Song, Jae Jin(송재진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8183-9550
Choi, Hye Jin(최혜진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5917-1400
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/166805
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