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Radon and NO2 levels and related environmental factors in 100 underground subway platforms over two-year period

Authors
 Sung Ho Hwang  ;  Jae Bum Park  ;  Wha Me Park 
Citation
 Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, Vol.181 : 102-108, 2018 
Journal Title
 Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 
ISSN
 0265-931X 
Issue Date
2018
MeSH
Air Pollutants/analysis* ; Air Pollution, Radioactive/statistics & numerical data* ; Radiation Monitoring* ; Radon/analysis* ; Railroads*
Keywords
Nitrogen dioxide level ; Radon level ; Seoul Metro ; Subway station management
Abstract
In this study, the environmental factors that affect radon (Rn) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels in subway-station underground platforms are evaluated, and the outdoor NO2 levels are compared with those obtained for the underground platforms. The Rn and NO2 levels from May 2013 to September 2015 are determined for lines 1-4 of the Seoul Metro, via calculation of the arithmetic means of the Rn and NO2 levels with their standard deviations (SDs). The underground Rn levels in 2013 are found to be significantly higher than those recorded in 2015 for the Seoul Metro. In addition, the Rn levels are related to the station depth and construction year. Further, the underground NO2 levels are shown to be significantly higher than the outdoor levels for all four Seoul Metro subway lines. The Rn levels are also found to vary significantly between months, and are shown to increase gradually with depth from 8 to 20 m. The Rn levels are also higher for stations constructed in the 1980s. Therefore, stricter monitoring of Rn level may be required for stations constructed in the 1980s and/or having platform depths within the 8-20 m range. Island-type platform stations based on granite areas may also require careful attention.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0265931X1730245X
DOI
10.1016/j.jenvrad.2017.11.003
Appears in Collections:
4. Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > Graduate School of Public Health (보건대학원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Wha Me(박화미) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7499-0663
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/166210
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