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Relationship between Coffee Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome in Korean Adults: Data from the 2013-2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

 Hyekyung Shin  ;  John A. Linton  ;  Yujin Kwon  ;  Yohan Jung  ;  Bitna Oh  ;  Sinae Oh 
 Korean Journal of Family Medicine (가정의학회지), Vol.38(6) : 346-351, 2017 
Journal Title
 Korean Journal of Family Medicine (가정의학회지) 
Issue Date
Background: The gradually increasing demand for coffee worldwide has prompted increased interest in the relationship between coffee and health issues as well as a need for research on metabolic syndrome in adults. Methods: Data from 3,321 subjects (1,268 men and 2,053 women) enrolled in the 2013-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. The subjects were divided into three groups according to their daily coffee consumption. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for metabolic syndrome in the coffee-drinking groups were calculated using multiple logistic regression analysis by adjusting for confounding variables. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 15.5%, 10.7%, and 9.7% in men and 3.0%, 7.1%, and 6.5% in women according to their coffee consumption (less than one, one or two, or more than three cups of coffee per day), respectively. Compared with the non-coffee consumption group, the ORs (95% CIs) for metabolic syndrome in the group that consumed more than three cups of coffee was 0.638 (0.328-1.244) for men and 1.344 (0.627-2.881) for women after adjusting for age, body mass index, household income, education, smoking, alcohol, regular exercise, and daily caloric intake. Conclusion: The OR of metabolic syndrome was not statistically significant in both men and women.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Family Medicine (가정의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kwon, Yu-Jin(권유진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9021-3856
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