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Evidence that alpha-synuclein functions as a negative regulator of Ca(++)-dependent alpha-granule release from human platelets

 Sang Myun Park  ;  Han Young Jung  ;  Hyun Ok Kim  ;  Hyangshuk Rhim  ;  Seung R. Paik  ;  Kwang Chul Chung  ;  Jeon Han Park  ;  Jongsun Kim 
 BLOOD, Vol.100(7) : 2506-2514, 2002 
Journal Title
Issue Date
alpha-Synuclein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD) and related neurodegenerative disorders. More recently, it has been suggested to be an important regulatory component of vesicle transport in neuronal cells. alpha-Synuclein is also highly expressed in platelets and is loosely associated with the membrane of the secretory alpha-granules. However, the functional significance of these observations is unknown. In this study, the possible function of alpha-synuclein in vesicle transport, with particular regard to alpha-granule release from the platelets, was investigated. The results showed that ionomycin- or thrombin-induced alpha-granule secretion was inhibited by exogenous alpha-synuclein addition in a dose-dependent manner. However, [(3)H]5-HT release from the dense granules and hexosaminidase release from the lysosomal granules were not affected. Two point mutants (A30P and A53T) found in some familial types of PD, in addition to beta-synuclein and alpha-synuclein112, effectively inhibited PF4 release from the alpha-granules. However, the deletion mutants, which completely lacked either the N-terminal region or the C-terminal tail, did not affect alpha-granule release. Interestingly, exogenously added alpha-synuclein appeared to enter the platelets but did not change the Ca(++) level in the platelets at the resting state and the increase in the Ca(++) level on stimulation. Electron microscopy also supported that alpha-synuclein inhibits alpha-granule release. These results suggest that alpha-synuclein may function as a specific negative regulator of alpha-granule release in platelets.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Microbiology (미생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Jeon Han(박전한) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9604-3205
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