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O-deGlcNAcylation is required for Entamoeba histolytica-induced HepG2 cell death

 Young Ah Lee  ;  Arim Min  ;  Myeong Heon Shin 
 MICROBIAL PATHOGENESIS, Vol.123 : 285-295, 2018 
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Entamoeba histolytica ; O-GlcNAc ; Cell death ; OGT ; OGA
Entamoeba histolytica is an enteric tissue-invading protozoan parasite that causes amoebic colitis and occasionally liver abscess in humans. E. histolytica can induce host-cell apoptosis by initiating various intracellular signaling mechanisms closely associated with tissue pathogenesis and parasitic immune evasion. O-GlcNAcylation, similar to phosphorylation, is involved in various cell-signaling processes, including apoptosis and proliferation, with O-GlcNAc addition and removal regulated by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA), respectively. However, whether O-GlcNAc alterations in host cells affect E. histolytica-induced cell death and which signal molecules participate in E. histolytica-induced deglycosylation remain unknown. In this study, co-incubation of HepG2 cells with E. histolytica increased DNA fragmentation and LDH release as compared with control cells. Additionally, Gal-lectin-mediated amoebic adherence of live trophozoites to HepG2 cells decreased O-GlcNAcylated protein levels within 5 min. We also observed a rapid decrease in cellular OGT protein level, but not OGA, in HepG2 cells in a contact-dependent manner. Furthermore, HepG2 pretreatment with OGA inhibitors or OGA siRNA prevented E. histolytica-induced O-deGlcNAcylation, DNA fragmentation, and LDH release. Our results suggested that E. histolytica-induced O-deGlcNAcylation in HepG2 cells was an important process required for hepatocyte cell death induced by E. histolytica adherence.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Environmental Medical Biology (환경의생물학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Min, A Rim(민아림) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2938-9630
Shin, Myeong Heon(신명헌) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8207-6110
Lee, Young Ah(이영아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0414-842X
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