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Prognostic role of carotid intima-media thickness in off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery

 Sung-Yeon Ham  ;  Jong-Wook Song  ;  Jae-Kwang Shim  ;  Sarah Soh  ;  Hee-Jung Kim  ;  Young-Lan Kwak 
 Scientific Reports, Vol.8(1) : 11385, 2018 
Journal Title
 Scientific Reports 
Issue Date
Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a well-known predictor of adverse outcomes in the ischemic heart disease patients; however, evidence is lacking in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB). Data from 407 patients who underwent OPCAB between April 2013 and August 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. A composite of cardiovascular morbidity endpoints was defined as the presence of stroke, acute myocardial infarction, new cardiac arrhythmia (newly developed atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, or atrioventricular block), cardiovascular death, or cerebrovascular death within 30 days after surgery. Increased carotid IMT was defined as ≥0.9 mm on one or both sides. The incidence of a composite of cardiovascular morbidity endpoints was 24.0% in the normal IMT group (n = 221) and 34.4% in the increased IMT group (n = 186) (p = 0.021). Multivariable analysis revealed increased IMT (odds ratio 1.719, 95% confidence interval 1.108 to 2.666, p = 0.016) and preoperative renal replacement therapy (odds ratio 4.264, 95% confidence interval 1.679 to 10.829, p = 0.002) as independent predictors of a composite of cardiovascular morbidity endpoints. In patients undergoing OPCAB, preoperative assessment of carotid IMT may help predicting the development of a postoperative composite of cardiovascular morbidity endpoints.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine (마취통증의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
곽영란(Kwak, Young Lan) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2984-9927
소사라(Soh, Sa Rah) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5022-4617
송종욱(Song, Jong Wook) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7518-2070
심재광(Shim, Jae Kwang) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9093-9692
함성연(Ham, Sung Yeon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8619-4595
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