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Olfactory dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease- and Lewy body-related cognitive impairment

Authors
 Han Soo Yoo  ;  Seun Jeon  ;  Seok Jong Chung  ;  Mijin Yun  ;  Phil Hyu Lee  ;  Young Ho Sohn  ;  Alan C. Evans  ;  Byoung Seok Ye 
Citation
 Alzheimer's & Dementia, Vol.14(10) : 1243-1252, 2018 
Journal Title
 Alzheimer's & Dementia 
ISSN
 1552-5260 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Alzheimer's disease ; Cognitive impairment ; Cortical atrophy ; Dementia with Lewy bodies ; Olfaction ; Parkinson's disease
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Olfactory dysfunction is common in Alzheimer's disease- and Lewy body-related disorders, but its neural correlates have not been clearly elucidated. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 237 patients with Alzheimer's disease-related cognitive impairment (ADCI) and 217 with Lewy body-related cognitive impairment (LBCI). They were identically evaluated using the Cross-Cultural Smell Identification Test, neuropsychological tests, and brain magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: LBCI had more severe olfactory dysfunction than ADCI. Patients with more severe cognitive dysfunction had worse olfactory function in both groups. In ADCI, lower Cross-Cultural Smell Identification Test scores correlated with a lower cortical thickness in brain regions typically affected in Alzheimer's disease, most prominently in the right parahippocampal cortex, whereas in LBCI, the scores correlated with white matter abnormalities in regions vulnerable to Lewy body, including subcortical regions of the orbitofrontal and frontoparietal cortices. DISCUSSION: Our results suggest that cortical atrophy in ADCI and white matter abnormalities in LBCI play important roles in olfactory dysfunction.
Full Text
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S155252601830164X
DOI
10.1016/j.jalz.2018.05.010
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Neurology (신경과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Nuclear Medicine (핵의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Sohn, Young Ho(손영호) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6533-2610
Ye, Byoung Seok(예병석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0187-8440
Yoo, Han Soo(유한수) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7846-6271
Yun, Mi Jin(윤미진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1712-163X
Lee, Phil Hyu(이필휴) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9931-8462
Chung, Seok Jong(정석종) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6086-3199
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/163747
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