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Platelet to lymphocyte ratio is associated with the current activity of ANCA-associated vasculitis at diagnosis: a retrospective monocentric study

 Hee Jin Park  ;  Seung Min Jung  ;  Jason Jungsik Song  ;  Yong-Beom Park  ;  Sang-Won Lee 
 Rheumatology International, Vol.38(10) : 1865-1871, 2018 
Journal Title
 Rheumatology International 
Issue Date
Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis ; Platelet to lymphocyte ratio ; Prognosis ; Vasculitis activity
Platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been introduced as a useful index to estimate the current inflammatory burdens in various diseases. In this study, we investigate whether PLR is associated with the severity of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 163 patients with AAV, collected clinical, laboratory and radiological data and calculated Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS). We defined the lower limit of the highest tertile of BVAS as the cut-off for severe AAV (BVAS ≥ 16). The optimal cut-off of PLR for severe AAV was set as 272.0. The odds ratio (OR) of PLR for severe AAV was assessed using the univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses. The median age at diagnosis was 58.0 years and 51 patients (31.3%) were men. Patients with severe AAV exhibited higher rate of ANCA positivity and higher blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) than those without. Patients with severe AAV exhibited significantly increased median PLR compared to those without (299.3 vs. 184.0). In the univariable binary logistic regression analysis, BUN ≥ 17.45 mg/dL (OR 3.730), Cr ≥ 1.12 mg/dL (OR 3.519), ESR ≥ 83.5 mm/h (OR 2.785), CRP ≥ 20.0 mg/L (OR 2.612), PLR ≥ 272.0 (OR 4.231) and ANCA positivity (OR 2.306) were associated with severe AAV. In the multivariable binary logistic regression analysis, only PLR ≥ 272.0 was an independent predictor of severe AAV at diagnosis (OR 2.734, 95% CI 1.247, 5.993). In conclusion, PLR at diagnosis is associated with the current activity of vasculitis in AAV patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
박용범(Park, Yong Beom)
송정식(Song, Jungsik Jason) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0662-7704
이상원(Lee, Sang Won) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8038-3341
정승민(Jung, Seung Min ) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3465-2181
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