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Comparing corneal higher-order aberrations in corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy versus small-incision lenticule extraction.

Authors
 Hun Lee  ;  David Sung Yong Kang  ;  Dan Z. Reinstein  ;  Samuel Arba-Mosquera  ;  Eung Kweon Kim  ;  Kyoung Yul Seo  ;  Tae-im Kim 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF CATARACT AND REFRACTIVE SURGERY, Vol.44(6) : 725-733, 2018 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF CATARACT AND REFRACTIVE SURGERY 
ISSN
 0886-3350 
Issue Date
2018
Abstract
PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes in corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). SETTING: Yonsei University College of Medicine and Eyereum Eye Clinic, South Korea. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records of patients having either corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial PRK or small-incision lenticule extraction were examined. The root-mean-square total HOAs, 3rd-order coma aberration, and 4th-order spherical aberration were measured preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Independent t tests and analysis of covariance were used to compare changes in corneal HOAs between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The study comprised 77 eyes having corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial PRK and 81 eyes having small-incision lenticule extraction. The total HOAs and spherical aberration increased after transepithelial PRK (all P < .001), whereas coma aberration was stable after transepithelial PRK. The total HOAs, spherical aberration, and coma aberration increased after small-incision lenticule extraction (P < .001 for total HOAs, spherical aberration; P = .004 for coma). At 6 months postoperatively, total HOAs and spherical aberration were significantly larger in the transepithelial PRK group than in the small-incision lenticule extraction group. Coma aberration was larger in the small-incision lenticule extraction group than in the transepithelial PRK group. Spherical aberration induction was significantly smaller in the small-incision lenticule extraction group than in the transepithelial PRK group (P < .001), and coma aberration induction was larger in the small-incision lenticule extraction group than in the transepithelial PRK group (P = .011). CONCLUSIONS: Small-incision lenticule extraction demonstrated that the induction of total HOAs was comparable to corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial PRK, accompanied by smaller spherical aberration induction and larger coma aberration induction. During small-incision lenticule extraction, surgeons should aim to obtain optimum centration for smaller induction of corneal HOAs.
DOI
10.1016/j.jcrs.2018.03.028
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Ophthalmology (안과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Eung Kweon(김응권) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1453-8042
Kim, Tae Im(김태임) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6414-3842
Seo, Kyuong Yul(서경률) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9855-1980
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/163545
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