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The Nutritional Status and the Clinical Outcomes of Patients With a Spinal Cord Injury Using Nutritional Screening Tools

 Ji Cheol Shin  ;  Shin Hye Chang  ;  Sang Won Hwang  ;  Jae Joong Lee 
 Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.42(4) : 591-600, 2018 
Journal Title
 Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine 
Issue Date
Malnutrition ; Nutrition assessment ; Prognosis ; Spinal cord injuries
OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional status of Korean patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), identify the predictors of undernutrition, and investigate the relationship between undernutrition and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study design was used to determine the nutritional status of 130 patients over 19 years old admitted to the rehabilitation hospital of Yonsei University Health System between June 2015 and February 2017. The nutritional status was assessed using the malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and the spinal nutrition screening tool (SNST). The relationship between undernutrition and clinical outcomes was examined by comparing a low-risk group with an at-risk group using a t-test. RESULTS: Among the SCI patients, 70 (50.8%) were confirmed with undernutrition based on the MUST scores, while 60 (46.2%) had undernutrition based on the SNST scores. It was found that undernutrition has an effect on functional outcomes. CONCLUSION: We assessed the undernutrition risk in Korean SCI patients, and found that approximately 50% of the patients were at risk of undernutrition. We also found that undernutrition can affect functional recovery.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Shin, Ji Cheol(신지철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1133-1361
Chang, Shin Hye(장신혜)
Hwang, Sang Won(황상원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3651-2895
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