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LDB2 regulates the expression of DLL4 through the formation of oligomeric complexes in endothelial cells

 Hyun-Jung Choi  ;  Seung-Sik Rho  ;  Dong-Hoon Choi  ;  Young-Guen Kwon 
 BMB REPORTS, Vol.51(1) : 21-26, 2018 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Animals ; Animals, Genetically Modified ; Endothelial Cells/metabolism* ; Gene Knockdown Techniques ; Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells ; Humans ; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/biosynthesis* ; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics ; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/biosynthesis* ; Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics ; LIM Domain Proteins/deficiency ; LIM Domain Proteins/genetics ; LIM Domain Proteins/metabolism* ; Neovascularization, Physiologic ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; RNA, Small Interfering/genetics ; Signal Transduction ; Transcription Factors/deficiency ; Transcription Factors/genetics ; Transcription Factors/metabolism* ; Transcription, Genetic ; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism ; Zebrafish ; Zebrafish Proteins/biosynthesis* ; Zebrafish Proteins/deficiency ; Zebrafish Proteins/genetics ; Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
Angiogenesis ; DLL4 ; Endothelial cells ; LDB2 ; LMO2/TAL1/GATA2 complex ; Sprouting
Delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4) expression in endothelial cells is intimately associated with angiogenic sprouting and vascular remodeling, but the precise mechanism of transcriptional regulation of DLL4 remains incompletely understood. Here, we showed that LIM-domain binding protein 2 (LDB2) plays an important role in regulating basal DLL4 and VEGF-induced DLL4 expression. Knockdown of LDB2 using siRNA enhanced endothelial sprouting and tubular network formation in vitro. Injection of ldb2-morpholino resulted in defective development of intersegmental vessels in zebrafish. Reduction or overexpression of LDB2 in endothelial cells decreased or increased DLL4 expression. LDB2 regulated DLL4 promoter activity by binding to its promoter region and the same promoter region was occupied and regulated by the LMO2/TAL1/GATA2 complex. Interestingly, LDB2 also mediated VEGF-induced DLL4 expression in endothelial cells. The regulation of DLL4 by the LDB2 complex provides a novel mechanism of DLL4 transcriptional control that may be exploited to develop therapeutics for aberrant vascular remodeling.
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5. Research Institutes (연구소) > Yonsei Integrative Research Institute for Cerebral & Cardiovascular Disease (뇌심혈관질환융합연구사업단) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Choi, Hyun-Jung(최현정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3695-3420
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