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Early caries detection methods according to the depth of the lesion: An in vitro comparison

 Hee-Eun Kim  ;  Baek-Il Kim 
 Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, Vol.23 : 176-180, 2018 
Journal Title
 Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy 
Issue Date
dental caries ; initial lesions ; lesion depth ; quantitative light-induced fluorescence ; spectrophotometer
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to estimate the histological and optical changes of early carious lesions according to the duration of demineralization and to compare the efficacy to detect early carious lesions of a quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) system with a spectrophotometer according to the lesion depth. METHODS: Eighty-four bovine enamel specimens were immersed in demineralizing gel for six distinct days. The severities of lesions were evaluated by lesion depths (Ld) by polarized light microscopy, fluorescence loss (DeltaF) using QLF, and brightness (DeltaL(*)) by spectrophotometry. The relationships between Ld, DeltaF, and DeltaL(*)were analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Ld tended to be significantly deeper according to the demineralizing period (p < 0.05). The DeltaF significantly decreased (p < 0.05) and the DeltaL(*) significantly increased with increasing the demineralizing period (p < 0.05). More shallow lesions ( Ld</=200) showed a strong relationship between DeltaF and Ld (r = -0.898, p < 0.001), while there was a strong relationship between DeltaL(*) and Ld in deeper lesions ( Ld>200) (r=0.858, p < 0.001). Our findings show that QLF system is a more efficient device for shallow early caries detection and that the spectrophotometer is a more stable device for the detection of deeper lesions.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Dentistry and Public Oral Health (예방치과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Baek Il(김백일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8234-2327
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