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Job Displacement and Social Safety Net on Depressive Symptoms in Individuals Aged 45 Years or Above: Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging

Authors
 WOORIM KIM  ;  YOUNG CHOI  ;  TAE-HOON LEE  ;  SUK-YONG JANG  ;  KYU-TAE HAN  ;  EUN-CHEOL PARK 
Citation
 Ageing and Society, Vol.38(6) : 1199-1222, 2018 
Journal Title
 Ageing and Society 
ISSN
 0144-686X 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
job displacement ; unemployment ; depression ; late-life depression ; social safety net ; ageing society
Abstract
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the unemployment experience and depressive symptoms among mid-aged (ages 45–59) and elderly (ages 60 or above) persons and to examine further the effects of unemployment insurance, industrial accident compensation insurance (IACI) and national pension on the stated relationship. Data were used from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012. A total of 1,536 individuals employed at the 2006 baseline were followed. The association between employment status change during 2006 to 2008, 2008 to 2010 or 2010 to 2012 and depressive symptoms in years 2008, 2010 or 2012 were analysed using a generalised estimating equation model. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D 10) scale. The results showed that the ‘employed to unemployed’ group had statistically significant increases in depression scores in the mid-aged (β = 0.4884, p = 0.0038) and elderly (β = 0.8275, p ⩽ 0.0001) categories, compared to the ‘employed to employed’ group. Findings were maintained in groups without a social safety net. Contrastingly, the ‘employed to unemployed’ groups with unemployment insurance and IACI did not show statistically significant increases in depression scores. The ‘employed to unemployed’ category of individuals enrolled in the national pension system exhibited a lower increase of depression. Therefore, an enhanced focus on the mental health of unemployed individuals is required, in addition to the provision of a reliable social safety net.
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/162429
Full Text
https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/ageing-and-society/article/job-displacement-and-social-safety-net-on-depressive-symptoms-in-individuals-aged-45-years-or-above-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging/27C49AA4E7D0E313B7AE5B305CA9F031
DOI
10.1017/S0144686X16001471
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실)
Yonsei Authors
박은철(Park, Eun-Cheol) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
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