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Report of a human autopsy case in maxillary sinuses augmented using a synthetic bone substitute: Micro-computed tomographic and histologic observations

 Jung-Seok Lee  ;  Jae-Kook Cha  ;  Daniel S Thoma  ;  Ui-Won Jung 
 CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH, Vol.29(3) : 339-345, 2018 
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bone substitute ; case report ; dental implants ; histomorphology ; sinus augmentation
OBJECTIVE: This study of a human autopsy case aimed to characterize the histologic and micro-computed tomographic results of maxillary sinus augmentation using a synthetic bone substitute and simultaneous implant placement at 6 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This report is based on the whole-body donation of a 62-year-old male patient who died due to bladder cancer. Implants had been placed in conjunction with sinus augmentation using a mixture of biphasic calcium phosphate and autogenous bone into both maxillary sinuses 6 years prior to the body donation. The maxillary sinus areas containing implants were gently removed from the cadaver and scanned using high-resolution micro-computed tomography. Samples were sectioned, prepared for undecalcified histologic slides and stained with haematoxylin-eosin. RESULTS: The augmented volume was observed up to the apex of the implants, which were successfully osseointegrated. Cross-sectional micro-computed tomographic views revealed that the bone-substitute particles were embedded in radiopaque-mineralized tissues showing a trabecular pattern around the implants. The histologic analysis revealed mature lamellar bone surrounding the remaining bone-substitute particles as well as well-organized bone marrow spaces in the augment bone area and around the dental implants. CONCLUSION: This human autopsy study histologically confirmed the presence of successful bone formation and long-term volume stability after sinus augmentation using biphasic calcium phosphate and simultaneous implant placement.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Periodontics (치주과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Jung Seok(이중석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1276-5978
Jung, Ui Won(정의원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6371-4172
Cha, Jae Kook(차재국) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6817-9834
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