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Same-Day Identification and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Bacteria in Positive Blood Culture Broths Using Short-Term Incubation on Solid Medium with the MicroFlex LT, Vitek-MS, and Vitek2 Systems

Authors
 Jihye Ha  ;  Sung Kuk Hong  ;  Geum Hee Han  ;  Myungsook Kim  ;  Dongeun Yong  ;  Kyungwon Lee 
Citation
 Annals of Laboratory Medicine, Vol.38(3) : 235-241, 2018 
Journal Title
 Annals of Laboratory Medicine 
ISSN
 2234-3806 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing ; Blood culture ; MALDI-TOF-MS ; Rapid identification ; Septicemia
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Early and appropriate antibiotic treatment improves the clinical outcome of patients with septicemia; therefore, reducing the turn-around time for identification (ID) and antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) results is essential. We established a method for rapid ID and AST using short-term incubation of positive blood culture broth samples on solid media, and evaluated its performance relative to that of the conventional method using two rapid ID systems and a rapid AST method. METHODS: A total of 254 mono-microbial samples were included. Positive blood culture samples were incubated on blood agar plates for six hours and identified by the MicroFlex LT (Bruker Daltonics) and Vitek-MS (bioMerieux) systems, followed by AST using the Vitek2 System (bioMerieux). RESULTS: The correct species-level ID rates were 82.3% (209/254) and 78.3% (199/254) for the MicroFlex LT and Vitek-MS platforms, respectively. For the 1,174 microorganism/antimicrobial agent combinations tested, the rapid AST method showed total concordance of 97.8% (1,148/1,174) with the conventional method, with a very major error rate of 0.5%, major error rate of 0.7%, and minor error rate of 1.0%. CONCLUSIONS: Routine implementation of this short-term incubation method could provide ID results on the day of blood culture-positivity detection and one day earlier than the conventional AST method. This simple method will be very useful for rapid ID and AST of bacteria from positive blood culture bottles in routine clinical practice.
Files in This Item:
T201800568.pdf Download
DOI
10.3343/alm.2018.38.3.235
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Laboratory Medicine (진단검사의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김명숙(Kim, Myungsook)
용동은(Yong, Dong Eun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1225-8477
이경원(Lee, Kyungwon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3788-2134
한금희(Han, Geum Hee)
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/162068
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