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The Association between Social Network Betweenness and Coronary Calcium: A Baseline Study of Patients with a High Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

Authors
 Won-Tak Joo  ;  Chan Joo Lee  ;  Jaewon Oh  ;  In-Cheol Kim  ;  Sang-Hak Lee  ;  Seok-Min Kang  ;  Hyeon Chang Kim  ;  Sungha Park  ;  Yoosik Youm 
Citation
 Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thromobosis, Vol.25(2) : 131-141, 2018 
Journal Title
 Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thromobosis 
ISSN
 1340-3478 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
Cardiovascular disease ; Coronary calcium score ; Risk factor ; Social networks
Abstract
AIM: The association of social networks with cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been demonstrated through various studies. This study aimed to examine the association between social network betweenness -a network position of mediating between diverse social groups-and coronary artery calcium. METHODS: The data of 1,384 participants from the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disease Etiology Research Center-High Risk Cohort, a prospective cohort study enrolling patients with a high risk of developing CVD (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02003781), were analyzed. The deficiency in social network betweenness was measured in two ways: only-family networks, in which a respondent had networks with only family members, and no-cutpoint networks, in which the respondent does not function as a point of bridging between two or more social groups that are not directly connected. RESULTS: Participants who had higher coronary artery calcium scores (CACSs) were likely to have a smaller network size (p0.001), only-family networks (p0.001), and no-cutpoint networks (p0.001). Multiple logistic regression analyses revealed no significant association between network size and CACS. Only no-cutpoint networks had a significant relationship with CACS 400 (odds ratio, 1.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.77; p=0.026). The association was stronger among older (age 60 years) and female respondents. CONCLUSION: Deficiency in social network betweenness is closely related to coronary calcium in participants with a high risk of CVD. To generalize these results to a general population, further study should be performed.
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DOI
10.5551/jat.40469
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김현창(Kim, Hyeon Chang) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7867-1240
박성하(Park, Sung Ha) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5362-478X
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/161955
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