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Mechanistic Model for Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Changes Produced by Telmisartan in Human Beings

 Dongwoo Chae  ;  Mijeong Son  ;  Yukyung Kim  ;  Hankil Son  ;  Kyungsoo Park 
 Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, Vol.122(1) : 139-148, 2018 
Journal Title
 Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 
Issue Date
Telmisartan, an angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), is indicated for the treatment of essential hypertension. This study aimed to develop a mechanistic model of telmisartan drug effect in human beings using non-invasive markers. Data were acquired from a previous study where telmisartan 80 mg was given once daily for 6 days. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate (HR) were measured before dosing for days 1-5 and serially after the last dose. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse pressure (PP) were calculated from SBP and DBP. Relationships between MAP, PP, HR and total peripheral resistance (TPR) were developed. Circadian variation was incorporated into PP and HR, and TPR was assumed to adjust itself in response to changes in PP and HR based on baroreflex mechanism. Drug effects were then described as lowering the set point of MAP through TPR with a physiological feedback effect stimulating HR and PP. Drug concentrations were described by a two-compartment disposition model with first-order absorption and lag time, and first-order elimination. Circadian variation was described by cosine functions, having periods of 12 and 24 hr. A log-linear model was used to describe drug effect, with estimated drug effect parameter of 0.051/hr. Estimated fractional turnover rate of PP, HR and TPR was 11.2 hr. The model successfully described the time courses of these cardiovascular variables. This work demonstrated the feasibility of using non-invasive cardiovascular measurements to derive a mechanistic model for telmisartan in human beings. The model may be suitable for other ARBs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pharmacology (약리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
박경수(Park, Kyungsoo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6972-1143
채동우(Chae, Dong Woo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7675-3821
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