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Red fluorescence of dental biofilm as an indicator for assessing the efficacy of antimicrobials

Authors
 Eun-Song Lee  ;  Elbert de Josselin de Jong  ;  Hoi-In Jung  ;  Baek-Il Kim 
Citation
 Journal of Biomedical Optics, Vol.23(1) : 015003, 2018 
Journal Title
 Journal of Biomedical Optics 
ISSN
 1083-3668 
Issue Date
2018
Keywords
antimicrobials ; dental biofilm ; quantitative light-induced fluorescence ; red fluorescence
Abstract
The study aimed to determine whether the red fluorescence (RF) of a dental microcosm biofilm as measured with quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology is useful for assessing the efficacy of antimicrobials. Dental microcosm biofilms were formed on bovine enamel discs and grown under 0.3% sucrose challenge and treated with chlorhexidine (CHX) solutions at different concentrations (0.05%, 0.1%, and 0.5%) plus a negative control [sterile distilled water (DW)] twice daily for 7 days. The biofilms were photographed using a QLF-digital system to evaluate the RF by calculating the red/green ratio, and pH values of the medium were measured daily. After 7 days, the bacterial viability of the biofilm was assessed by measuring the counts of viable total bacteria and aciduric bacteria, and the percentage surface microhardness changes (%SHC) was evaluated. The RF and cariogenic properties were compared for the different concentrations of CHX, and their correlations were examined. The RF and its increase rate were much lower for CHX-treated biofilms than for DW-treated biofilms. The RF after 7 days of maturation decreased significantly with increasing CHX concentrations (p<0.001) and was from 31% (for 0.05% CHX) to 46% (for 0.5% CHX) lower than that of the DW group. Strong correlations were reported between the RF of the 7-day-maturation biofilms and cariogenic properties, such as the number of total bacteria (r=0.93), number of aciduric bacteria (r=0.97), supernatant pH (r=0.43), and %SHC (r=0.98). In conclusion, the RF of dental biofilms as measured with QLF technology can be used to nondestructively assess and monitor the effect of antimicrobials against biofilm.
Full Text
https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/journals/Journal-of-Biomedical-Optics/volume-23/issue-1/015003/Red-fluorescence-of-dental-biofilm-as-an-indicator-for-assessing/10.1117/1.JBO.23.1.015003.short?SSO=1
DOI
10.1117/1.jbo.23.1.015003
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Dentistry and Public Oral Health (예방치과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Baek Il(김백일) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8234-2327
Lee, Eun Song(이은송) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2949-4783
Jung, Hoi In(정회인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1978-6926
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/161873
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