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Efficacy and safety of entecavir versus lamivudine over 5 years of treatment: A randomized controlled trial in Korean patients with hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B

 Kwan Sik Lee  ;  Young-Oh Kweon  ;  Soon-Ho Um  ;  Byung-Ho Kim  ;  Young Suk Lim  ;  Seung Woon Paik  ;  Jeong Heo  ;  Heon-Ju Lee  ;  Dong Joon Kim  ;  Tae Hun Kim  ;  Young-Sok Lee  ;  Kwan Soo Byun  ;  Daeghon Kim  ;  Myung Seok Lee  ;  Kyungha Yu  ;  Dong Jin Suh 
 CLINICAL AND MOLECULAR HEPATOLOGY, Vol.23(4) : 331-339, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Entecavir ; Hepatitis B ; Lamivudine ; Long-term effects
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long-term data on antiviral therapy in Korean patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB) are limited. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of entecavir (ETV) and lamivudine (LAM) over 240 weeks.

METHODS: Treatment-naive patients with HBeAg-negative CHB were randomized to receive ETV 0.5 mg/day or LAM 100 mg/day during the 96 week double-blind phase, followed by open-label treatment through week 240. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with virologic response (VR; hepatitis B virus [HBV] DNA<300 copies/mL) at week 24. Secondary objectives included alanine aminotransferase (ALT) normalization and emergence of ETV resistance (week 96), VR and log reduction in HBV DNA levels (week 240), and safety evaluation.

RESULTS: In total, 120 patients (>16 years old) were included (ETV, n=56; LAM, n=64). Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. A significantly higher proportion of ETV-treated patients achieved VR compared to LAM at week 24 (92.9% vs. 67.2%, P=0.0006), week 96 (94.6% vs. 48.4%, P<0.0001), and week 240 (95.0% vs. 47.6%, P<0.0001). At week 96, ALT normalization was observed in 87.5% and 51.6% of ETV and LAM patients, respectively (P<0.0001). Virologic breakthrough occurred in one patient (1.8%) receiving ETV and 26 patients (42.6%) receiving LAM (P<0.0001) up to week 96. Emergence of resistance to ETV was not detected. The incidence of serious adverse events was low and unrelated to the study medications.

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term ETV treatment was superior to LAM, with a significantly higher proportion of patients achieving VR. Both treatments were well tolerated.
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Lee, Kwan Sik(이관식) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3672-1198
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