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Association between fasting glucose and all-cause mortality according to sex and age: a prospective cohort study

Authors
 Sang-Wook Yi  ;  Sangkyu Park  ;  Yong-ho Lee  ;  Hyang-Jeong Park  ;  Beverley Balkau  ;  Jee-Jeon Yi 
Citation
 Scientific Reports, Vol.7(1) : 8194, 2017 
Journal Title
 Scientific Reports 
Issue Date
2017
Abstract
The association of fasting glucose with the risk of death according to sex and age remains unclear, and insufficient information is available on sex- and age-specific glucose concentrations within ethnic groups. This study analyzed a sample of 12,455,361 Korean adults who participated in health examinations during 2001-2004, and were followed up until 2013. Men had 3.0 mg/dL (0.167 mmol/L) higher mean glucose concentrations than women (94.7 vs. 91.7 mg/dL), although women over 73 years had higher levels. For glucose levels of 100-199 mg/dL, each 18 mg/dL (1 mmol/L) increase in fasting glucose increased mortality by 13% (HR = 1.13, [95% CI 1.12 to 1.13], p < 0.001). In individuals with fasting glucose levels of 100-125 mg/dL, each 18 mg/dL increase in fasting glucose was associated with a 30% increase in the risk for mortality (1.30, [1.18 to 1.43]) in those aged 18-34 years, a 32% increase (1.32, [1.26 to 1.39]) in those aged 35-44 years, and a 10% increase (1.10, [1.02 to 1.19]) in those aged 75-99 years. The fasting glucose levels associated with the lowest mortality were 80-94 mg/dL regardless of sex and age. Prediabetes (100-125 mg/dL) was associated with higher mortality. The associations of hyperglycemia with mortality were stronger at younger ages.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/161527
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-08498-6
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
이용호(Lee, Yong Ho)
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