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Pretreatment Epstein-Barr virus DNA in whole blood is a prognostic marker in peripheral T-cell lymphoma

 Yu Ri Kim  ;  Soo-Jeong Kim  ;  June-Won Cheong  ;  Haerim Chung  ;  Ji Eun Jang  ;  Yundeok Kim  ;  Woo-Ick Yang  ;  Yoo Hong Min  ;  Jin Seok Kim 
 ONCOTARGET , Vol.8(54) : 92312-92323, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Epstein-Barr virus ; peripheral T-cell lymphoma ; prognostic score ; whole blood
Because there are few studies regarding the clinical impact of circulating EBV-DNA in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs), we tried to evaluate the role of EBV-DNA in whole blood as a prognostic factor for PTCL. We retrospectively reviewed 110 PTCL patients with median age of 63 (20-94) years. Forty-seven patients (42.7%) showed positive results for EBV-DNA, and these patients also had stage III/IV disease, elevated lactic dehydrogenase, and low albumin level (P = 0.007, P = 0.004, P = 0.002, respectively). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) were 21.0% and 18.0%. Univariable analysis showed that positive EBV-DNA was related with inferior OS and PFS (P = 0.015 and P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariable analysis showed that poor performance status, extranodal involvement more than one site and positive EBV-DNA results were related with OS and PFS (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P = 0.007 and P = 0.001, P = 0.002, P < 0.001, respectively). Using these three variables, we made a new prognostic model which classified patients on risk as follows: low, no adverse factors; intermediate, 1 factor; or high, 2-3 factors. The new prognostic model could stratify the three groups for OS and PFS better than either international prognostic index or prognostic index of PTCL-u, and showed statistical significance in PTCL, not otherwise specified. This study suggests that whole blood EBV-DNA is related with aggressive clinical characteristics and inferior survival. The new prognostic model, which incorporates EBV-DNA, could better stratify PTCL patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pathology (병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Soo Jeong(김수정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8859-3573
Kim, Yu Ri(김유리) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5505-0142
Kim, Yun Deok(김윤덕) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5336-7936
Kim, Jin Seok(김진석) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8986-8436
Min, Yoo Hong(민유홍) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8542-9583
Yang, Woo Ick(양우익) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6084-5019
Jang, Ji Eun(장지은) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8832-1412
Cheong, June-Won(정준원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1744-0921
Chung, Hae Rim(정해림) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7926-9285
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