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Anatomy of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve in Asian population

Authors
 Yong Hoon Cha  ;  Seo-Young Moon  ;  O. Jehoon  ;  Tanvaa Tansatit  ;  Hun-Mu Yang 
Citation
 Scientific Reports, Vol.7(1) : 14952, 2017 
Journal Title
 Scientific Reports 
Issue Date
2017
Abstract
Injury to the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (eSLN) can cause a hoarse or weak voice with dysergia of the cricothyroid. The present study provided the topographic information of the eSLN in the Asian and verified anatomical validity of the landmarks previously recruited to localize the eSLN. Thirty specimens were dissected from 16 human embalmed cadavers (12 men and four women; mean age: 80.5 years). The vertical distance between the eSLN and the apical pole of the thyroid gland (AP) was 8.2 ± 4.2 mm. It descended over the AP with <1 cm distance in 51.7%, >1 cm distance in 27.6% and under the AP in 20.7%. The piercing point (PP) of the eSLN to the muscles located 26.0 ± 5.5 mm posterior and 14.7 ± 5.0 mm inferior to the laryngeal prominence. Generally, the PP located superoposterior to the midpoint of the joint between the joint of inferior constrictor and cricothyroid (ICJ). The distance between the PP and the midpoint was 8.7 ± 5.1 mm. We found that 1) the Asian had the eSLN located over the AP with <1 cm distance about half cases, 2) the PP can be a consistent reference for the eSLN identification, 3) the ICJ can be a useful landmark to preserve the eSLN at the PP.
URI
http://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/161294
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-15070-9
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
양헌무(Yang, Hun Mu) ; 차용훈(Cha, Yong Hoon)
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