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The effect of fluoride-containing oral rinses on the corrosion resistance of titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V)

Authors
 Gui-Yue Huang  ;  Heng Bo Jiang  ;  Jung-Yul Cha  ;  Kwang-Mahn Kim  ;  Chung-Ju Hwang 
Citation
 KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, Vol.47(5) : 306-312, 2017 
Journal Title
KOREAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS(대한치과교정학회지)
ISSN
 2234-7518 
Issue Date
2017
Keywords
Corrosion resistance ; Fluoride ; Oral rinse ; Titanium alloy
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of commercially available fluoride-containing oral rinses on the corrosion behavior of titanium alloys, which are the main components of orthodontic miniscrews.

METHODS: Four commercially available oral rinses (solution A, pH 4.46/260 ppm fluoride; solution B, pH 4.41/178 ppm fluoride; solution C, pH 6.30/117 ppm fluoride; and solution D, pH 4.17/3.92 ppm fluoride) were tested on titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) circular plates, and saline was used as the control. The open-circuit potential and potentiodynamic polarization of these materials were measured. Thereafter, all samples were evaluated under a field-emission scanning electron microscope.

RESULTS: Among the tested oral rinses, except solution D, the more the fluoride content was, the greater was the corrosion potential downtrend; the corrosion resistance of the titanium alloy sample was also lowered significantly (p < 0.05). Field-emission scanning electron microscopic analysis of the surface morphology of the titanium alloy samples revealed that all samples had some defects, crevices, or pitting after exposure to the oral rinses than before treatment. In particular, the samples in solution A showed the most changes.

CONCLUSIONS: Commercially available oral rinses having a high fluoride concentration and a low pH may reduce the corrosion resistance of titanium alloys used in dental appliances such as orthodontic titanium miniscrews and brackets.
Files in This Item:
T201703330.pdf Download
DOI
10.4041/kjod.2017.47.5.306
Appears in Collections:
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Dental Biomaterials and Bioengineering (치과생체재료공학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Orthodontics (교정과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kwang Mahn(김광만) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5235-0294
Cha, Jung Yul(차정열)
Hwang, Chung Ju(황충주) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3024-4551
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/160797
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