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Lack of Retirement Preparation is Associated with Increased Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly: Findings from the Korean Retirement and Income Panel Study

Authors
 Yeong Jun Ju  ;  Woorim Kim  ;  Sang Ah Lee  ;  Joo Eun Lee  ;  Hyojung Yoon  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, Vol.32(9) : 1516-1521, 2017 
Journal Title
 JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE 
ISSN
 1011-8934 
Issue Date
2017
MeSH
Aged ; Depression/etiology* ; Employment ; Female ; Health Status ; Humans ; Income ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Republic of Korea ; Retirement* ; Self Report ; Severity of Illness Index ; Surveys and Questionnaires
Keywords
Depression ; Income ; Pensions ; Retirement
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between retirement preparation and depressive symptoms among Koreans 50 years of age or older. We used data from the 2009 to 2013 Korean Retirement and Income Panel Study (KReIS), which included data from the 365 baseline participants of 50 years of age or older. Our sample included only newly retired participants who worked in 2009, but had retired in the 2011 and 2013. To monitor the change in depressive symptoms according to retirement preparation, we used repeated measurement data. We measured depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) 20-item scale. In addition, we measured retirement preparation using a single self-report question asking whether the participant was financially ready for retirement. We evaluated relationship between retirement preparation and depressive symptoms after multivariable adjustment. Compared to subjects who had prepared for retirement (reference group), participants who had not prepared for retirement had increased depression scores (β = 2.49, P < 0.001). In addition, individuals who had not prepared for retirement and who had low household income had the highest increase in depression scores (β = 4.43, P < 0.001). Individuals, who had not prepared for retirement and without a national pension showed a considerable increase in depression scores (β = 3.02, P < 0.001). It is suggested that guaranteed retirement preparation is especially important for mental health of retired elderly individuals with low economic strata.
Files in This Item:
T201702403.pdf Download
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2017.32.9.1516
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/160462
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