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Predictors of functional level and quality of life at 6 months after a first-ever stroke: the KOSCO study

 Won Hyuk Chang  ;  Min Kyun Sohn  ;  Jongmin Lee  ;  Deog Young Kim  ;  Sam-Gyu Lee  ;  Yong-Il Shin  ;  Gyung-Jae Oh  ;  Yang-Soo Lee  ;  Min Cheol Joo  ;  Eun Young Han  ;  Chung Kang  ;  Yun-Hee Kim 
 Journal of Neurology, Vol.263(6) : 1166-1177, 2016 
Journal Title
 Journal of Neurology 
Issue Date
Predicting functional outcome and quality of life (QOL) is critical to the treatment of patients with stroke. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing functional status and QOL of stroke patients 6 months after a first-ever stroke. This study was an interim analysis of the Korean Stroke Cohort for Functioning and Rehabilitation Study, designed to include 10 years of follow-up for first-ever stroke patients. This study analyzed data from 2857 patients who completed face-to-face assessments with the functional independence measurement (FIM) and Euro Quality of Life-5D (EQ-5D) at 6 months after stroke onset. A multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze factors that potentially influenced FIM and EQ-5D results at 6 months after stroke. Of the patients in this study, 80.1 % suffered from ischemic stroke and 19.9 % experienced hemorrhagic stroke. The independent predictors of functional independency measured by FIM at 6 months after stroke were age, initial stroke severity, duration of hospitalization, and functional level at discharge in terms of motor, ambulation, and language. For QOL measured by EQ-5D at 6 months after stroke, age, duration of hospitalization, and motor function at discharge were significant predictors. In conclusion, proper treatment to achieve maximal functional gain at discharge may be an important factor in improving functional independency and QOL in chronic stage stroke survivors. These results provide useful information for establishing comprehensive and systematic care for stroke patients.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
김덕용(Kim, Deog Young) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7622-6311
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