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Role of surgical therapy in the management of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia

 Kyung Jin Eoh  ;  Young Shin Chung  ;  Ga Won Yim  ;  Eun Ji Nam  ;  Sunghoon Kim  ;  Sang Wun Kim  ;  Young Tae Kim 
 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science, Vol.58(4) : 277-283, 2015 
Journal Title
 Obstetrics & Gynecology Science 
Issue Date
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of adjuvant surgical procedures in the management of gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). METHODS: In a retrospective review of medical records at the Severance Hospital, we identified 174 patients diagnosed with GTN between 1986 and 2006. Of the 174 patients, 129 (74%) were assigned to the nonmetastatic group, and 45 (26%) to the metastatic group; of the metastatic group patients, 6 were in the low-risk group and 39 were in the high-risk group. Thirty-two patients underwent 35 surgical procedures as part of the GTN treatment. The procedures included hysterectomy, lung resection, craniotomy, uterine wedge resection, uterine suturing for bleeding, salpingo-oophorectomy, pretherapy dilatation and curettage, adrenalectomy, nephrectomy, and uterine artery embolization. RESULTS: Of the 32 patients who underwent surgical procedures, 28 (87%) survived. Eleven patients underwent surgery for chemoresistant disease after receiving one or more chemotherapy regimens. Twelve patients underwent procedures to control tumor hemorrhage. Nine (81%) of 11 patients with chemoresistant disease survived, and 8 patients who underwent salvage surgery for chemoresistant disease received further chemotherapy. Of 21 patients who underwent hysterectomy, 19 (90%) achieved remission. All of three patients who had resistant foci of choriocarcinoma in the lung achieved remission through pulmonary resection. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant surgical procedures, especially hysterectomy and pulmonary resection for chemoresistant disease, as well as procedures to control hemorrhage, are pivotal in the management of GTN.
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1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynecology (산부인과학교실)
Yonsei Authors
김상운(Kim, Sang Wun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8342-8701
김성훈(Kim, Sung Hoon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1645-7473
김영태(Kim, Young Tae) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7347-1052
남은지(Nam, Eun Ji)
어경진(Eoh, Kyung Jin) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1684-2267
임가원(Yim, Ga Won)
정영신(Chung, Young Shin)
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