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Effectiveness of self-training using the mobile-based virtual reality program in patients with social anxiety disorder

Authors
 Hesun Erin Kim  ;  Yeon-Ju Hong  ;  Min-Kyeong Kim  ;  Young Hoon Jung  ;  Sunghyon Kyeong  ;  Jae-Jin Kim 
Citation
 COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR, Vol.73 : 614-619, 2017 
Journal Title
 COMPUTERS IN HUMAN BEHAVIOR 
ISSN
 0747-5632 
Issue Date
2017
Keywords
Social anxiety ; Self-training ; Virtual reality ; Mobile program ; Exposure therapy
Abstract
Social anxiety is one of the common mental problems with relatively low treatment-seeking rate. Virtual reality exposure therapy is a promising treatment option for social anxiety disorder (SAD). Our objective was to investigate the efficacy of self-training using the newly developed mobile-based virtual reality program for the cost-effective treatment of SAD. Twenty-two patients with SAD and 30 sex- and age-matched normal controls engaged in the program, which consisted of eight self-training sessions during two weeks. Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was assessed before and after the training. Additionally, the embedded in-app performance variables were analyzed for objective performance improvements. Although the LSAS scores decreased after the training in both groups, patients showed greater degree of decrease at the marginal significance level than controls (p = 0.053). Overall, there were significant improvements in the total speech length (p < 0.001), voiced-time ratio (p < 0.001), and subjective self-ratings on the performance measured within the program for subjective nervousness (p < 0.001) and for the subjective confidence in content (p = 0.039). The findings provide compelling evidence that the self-training could be beneficial for reducing anxiety and improving skills. The mobile-based virtual reality program for the treatment of SAD may be the first mobile application treatment option that could be operated by the patient alone, at home.
Full Text
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0747563217302595
DOI
10.1016/j.chb.2017.04.017
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > BioMedical Science Institute (의생명과학부) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Psychiatry (정신과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kyeong, Sung Hyon(경성현)
Kim, Min Kyung(김민경) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6044-9422
Kim, Jae Jin(김재진) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1395-4562
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/154639
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