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Motor Neuron Disease Presenting With Acute Respiratory Failure: A Case Study

Other Titles
 호흡곤란을 초기 주소로 한 운동신경원 질환 환자 
 Hyeonjun Oh  ;  Seong Woong Kang  ;  Won Ah Choi  ;  Jang Woo Lee  ;  Miri Suh  ;  Eun Young Kim 
 Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vol.41(2) : 328-331, 2017 
Journal Title
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Issue Date
Mechanical ventilation ; Motor neuron disease ; Respiratory insufficiency
Motor neuron diseases (MNDs) refer to a heterogeneous group of progressive neurologic disorders caused by degeneration of motor neurons. The diseases affect either the upper motor neurons, lower motor neurons, or both, and are characterized by weakness, atrophy, fasciculation, spasticity, and respiratory failure. We report a case of a 61-year-old male patient with no past history of cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, who presented with only dyspnea, and no indication of any other symptom such as muscle weakness, atrophy, or bulbar dysfunction. Neuromuscular conduction study, including a study of the phrenic nerve, confirmed the diagnosis of MND. The patient greatly improved giving respiratory assistance at night, using a noninvasive ventilator. This case indicates that MNDs should be considered as differential diagnoses for patients showing acute respiratory failure of unknown causes. This report will aid in the prompt diagnosis and treatment of MNDs.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Rehabilitation Medicine (재활의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kang, Seong Woong(강성웅) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7279-3893
Kim, Eun Young(김은영)
Suh, Mi Ri(서미리)
Oh, Hyeon Jun(오현준)
Choi, Won Ah(최원아) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0403-8869
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