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Serum anion gap at admission as a predictor of mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit

 Min Jung Kim  ;  Yoon Hee Kim  ;  In Suk Sol  ;  Soo Yeon Kim  ;  Jong Deok Kim  ;  Ha Yan Kim  ;  Kyung Won Kim  ;  Myung Hyun Sohn  ;  Kyu-Earn Kim 
 SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, Vol.7(1) : 1456, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
An accurate method to predict the mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU) patients has been required, especially in children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of serum anion gap (AG) for predicting mortality in pediatric ICU (PICU). We reviewed a data of 461 pediatric patients were collected on PICU admission. Corrected anion gap (cAG), the AG compensated for abnormal albumin levels, was significantly lower in survivors compared with nonsurvivors (p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified the following variables as independent predictors of mortality; cAG (OR 1.110, 95% CI 1.06-1.17; p < 0.001), PIM3 [OR 7.583, 95% CI 1.81-31.78; p = 0.006], and PRISM III [OR 1.076, 95% CI 1.02-1.14; p = 0.008]. Comparing AUCs for mortality prediction, there were no statistically significant differences between cAG and other mortality prediction models; cAG 0.728, PIM2 0.779, PIM3 0.822, and PRISM III 0.808. The corporation of cAG to pre-existing mortality prediction models was significantly more accurate at predicting mortality than using any of these models alone. We concluded that cAG at ICU admission may be used to predict mortality in children, regardless of underlying etiology. And the incorporation of cAG to pre-existing mortality prediction models might improve predictability.
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1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Kyung Won(김경원) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4529-6135
Kim, Min Jung(김민정) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5634-9709
Kim, Soo Yeon(김수연) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4965-6193
Kim, Yoon Hee(김윤희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2149-8501
Kim, Ha Yan(김하얀)
Sol, In Suk(설인숙) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2470-9682
Sohn, Myung Hyun(손명현) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-487X
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