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Serum anion gap at admission as a predictor of mortality in the pediatric intensive care unit

Authors
 Min Jung Kim  ;  Yoon Hee Kim  ;  In Suk Sol  ;  Soo Yeon Kim  ;  Jong Deok Kim  ;  Ha Yan Kim  ;  Kyung Won Kim  ;  Myung Hyun Sohn  ;  Kyu-Earn Kim 
Citation
 Scientific Reports, Vol.7(1) : 1456-1456, 2017 
Journal Title
 Scientific Reports 
ISSN
 2045-2322 
Issue Date
2017
Abstract
An accurate method to predict the mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU) patients has been required, especially in children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of serum anion gap (AG) for predicting mortality in pediatric ICU (PICU). We reviewed a data of 461 pediatric patients were collected on PICU admission. Corrected anion gap (cAG), the AG compensated for abnormal albumin levels, was significantly lower in survivors compared with nonsurvivors (p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified the following variables as independent predictors of mortality; cAG (OR 1.110, 95% CI 1.06-1.17; p < 0.001), PIM3 [OR 7.583, 95% CI 1.81-31.78; p = 0.006], and PRISM III [OR 1.076, 95% CI 1.02-1.14; p = 0.008]. Comparing AUCs for mortality prediction, there were no statistically significant differences between cAG and other mortality prediction models; cAG 0.728, PIM2 0.779, PIM3 0.822, and PRISM III 0.808. The corporation of cAG to pre-existing mortality prediction models was significantly more accurate at predicting mortality than using any of these models alone. We concluded that cAG at ICU admission may be used to predict mortality in children, regardless of underlying etiology. And the incorporation of cAG to pre-existing mortality prediction models might improve predictability.
Files in This Item:
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DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-01681-9
Appears in Collections:
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Pediatrics (소아청소년과학교실)
1. Journal Papers (연구논문) > 1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Yonsei Biomedical Research Center (연세의생명연구원)
Yonsei Authors
김경원(Kim, Kyung Won) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4529-6135
김민정(Kim, Min Jung) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5634-9709
김수연(Kim, Soo Yeon) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4965-6193
김윤희(Kim, Yoon Hee) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2149-8501
김하얀(Kim, Ha Yan)
설인숙(Sol, In Suk) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2470-9682
손명현(Sohn, Myung Hyun) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2478-487X
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/154383
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