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The effect of job loss on depressive symptoms: The results from the Korean Welfare Panel Study (2007-2013)

Authors
 Hyo Jung Yoon  ;  Jae Woo Choi  ;  Suk-Young Jang  ;  Sang Ah Lee  ;  Eun-Cheol Park 
Citation
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY , Vol.63(1) : 57-62, 2017 
Journal Title
 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY 
ISSN
 0020-7640 
Issue Date
2017
MeSH
Adult ; Aged ; Depression/epidemiology* ; Female ; Health Status ; Humans ; Korea ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Mental Health* ; Middle Aged ; Occupations/classification* ; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales ; Unemployment/psychology* ; Young Adult
Keywords
Unemployment ; depression ; job loss ; low-tenure worker ; precarious workers
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is closely associated with depressive symptoms. We conducted analysis to find whether the job loss increased the risk of depressive symptoms according to job status, occupation and tenure. METHODS: Data were collected from Korean Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) from 2007 to 2013. To measure the increase in depressive score, we selected respondents who answered for at least 2 years of continuous waves. We performed a longitudinal analysis by generalized estimating equation (GEE) method with a total of 19,399 cases. Among them, 608 cases (3.1%) experienced job loss. RESULTS: There was a significant rise in depressive score after job loss (β = 1.34, p = .000). In subgroup analysis, precarious and low-tenure workers are considerably more depressed after job loss (precarious: β = 1.98, p < .0001, low-tenure workers: β = 1.31, p = .001). Both white and blue collar workers showed a rise in depressive score significantly (white collar: β = 1.16, p = .031; blue: β = 2.03, p = .001). CONCLUSION: The results showed that precarious and low-tenure workers were relatively vulnerable in mental health after experiencing job loss with low and negative expectation for re-employment. It implies that supports for encouraging work skill and financial supports during the unemployment period should be needed.
Full Text
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0020764016681590
DOI
10.1177/0020764016681590
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Preventive Medicine and Public Health (예방의학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Park, Eun-Cheol(박은철) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2306-5398
URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/154184
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