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Safety and Effectiveness of Indacaterol in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients in South Korea

Authors
 Ho-Kee Yum  ;  Hak-Ryul Kim  ;  Yoon Soo Chang  ;  Kyeong-Cheol Shin  ;  Song Kim  ;  Yeon-Mok Oh 
Citation
 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, Vol.80(1) : 52-59, 2017 
Journal Title
 Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 
ISSN
 1738-3536 
Issue Date
2017
Keywords
Bronchodilator Agents ; Indacaterol ; Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive ; Safety ; South Korea ; Therapeutics
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Inhaled indacaterol (Onbrez Breezhaler), a long-acting β2-agonist, is approved in over 100 countries, including South Korea, as a once-daily bronchodilator for maintenance and treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Here, we present an interim analysis of a post-marketing surveillance study conducted to evaluate the real-world safety and effectiveness of indacaterol in the Korean population. METHODS: This was an open-label, observational, prospective study in which COPD patients, who were newly prescribed with indacaterol (150 or 300 µg), were evaluated for 12 or 24 weeks. Safety was assessed based on the incidence rates of adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs). Effectiveness was evaluated based on physician's assessment by considering changes in symptoms and lung function, if the values of forced expiratory volume in 1 second were available. RESULTS: Safety data were analyzed in 1,016 patients of the 1,043 enrolled COPD patients receiving indacaterol, and 784 patients were included for the effectiveness analysis. AEs were reported in 228 (22.44%) patients, while 98 (9.65%) patients reported SAEs. The COPD condition improved in 348 patients (44.4%), while the condition was maintained in 396 patients (50.5%), and only 40 patients (5.1%) exhibited worsening of ailment as compared with baseline. During the treatment period, 90 patients were hospitalized while nine patients died. All deaths were assessed to be not related to the study drug by the investigator. CONCLUSION: In real-life clinical practice in South Korea, indacaterol was well tolerated in COPD patients, and can be regarded as an effective option for their maintenance treatment.
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DOI
10.4046/trd.2017.80.1.52
Appears in Collections:
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Internal Medicine (내과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
장윤수(Chang, Yoon Soo) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3340-4223
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URI
https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/154076
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