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Niclosamide is a potential therapeutic for familial adenomatosis polyposis by disrupting Axin-GSK3 interaction

 Sung Yong Ahn  ;  Nam Hee Kim  ;  Kyungro Lee  ;  Yong Hoon Cha  ;  Ji Hye Yang  ;  So Young Cha  ;  Eunae Sandra Cho  ;  Yoonmi Lee  ;  Jeong Seok Cha  ;  Hyun Soo Cho  ;  Yoon Jeon  ;  Young-Su Yuk  ;  Suebean Cho  ;  Kyoung Tai No  ;  Hyun Sil Kim  ;  Ho Lee  ;  Jiwon Choi  ;  Jong In Yook 
 ONCOTARGET , Vol.8(19) : 31842-31855, 2017 
Journal Title
Issue Date
Adenomatous Polyposis Coli/drug therapy ; Adenomatous Polyposis Coli/genetics ; Adenomatous Polyposis Coli/metabolism* ; Animals ; Axin Protein/chemistry ; Axin Protein/metabolism* ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Movement/drug effects ; Cell Survival/drug effects ; Disease Models, Animal ; Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects ; Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3/chemistry ; Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3/metabolism* ; Heterografts ; Mice ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Conformation ; Niclosamide/chemistry ; Niclosamide/pharmacology* ; Protein Binding/drug effects ; Wnt Signaling Pathway/drug effects
Axin-GSK3 interaction ; Wnt signaling ; epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) ; familial adenomatosis polyposis (FAP) ; niclosamide
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is implicated in tumorigenesis and cancer progression, and canonical Wnt signaling tightly controls Snail, a key transcriptional repressor of EMT. While the suppression of canonical Wnt signaling and EMT comprises an attractive therapeutic strategy, molecular targets for small molecules reverting Wnt and EMT have not been widely studied. Meanwhile, the anti-helminthic niclosamide has been identified as a potent inhibitor of many oncogenic signaling pathways although its molecular targets have not yet been clearly identified. In this study, we show that niclosamide directly targets Axin-GSK3 interaction, at least in part, resulting in suppression of Wnt/Snail-mediated EMT. In vitro and in vivo, disruption of Axin-GSK3 complex by niclosamide induces mesenchymal to epithelial reversion at nM concentrations, accompanied with suppression of the tumorigenic potential of colon cancer. Niclosamide treatment successfully attenuates Snail abundance while increasing E-cadherin abundance in xenograft tumor. Notably, oral administration of niclosamide significantly suppressed adenoma formation in an APC-MIN mice model, indicating that niclosamide is an effective therapeutic for familial adenomatosis polyposis (FAP) patients. In this study, we identified a novel target to control the canonical Wnt pathway and Snail-mediated EMT program, and discovered a repositioned therapeutics for FAP patients.
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2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Research Institute (부설연구소) > 1. Journal Papers
1. College of Medicine (의과대학) > Dept. of Anatomy (해부학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral Pathology (구강병리학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
2. College of Dentistry (치과대학) > Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (구강악안면외과학교실) > 1. Journal Papers
Yonsei Authors
Kim, Nam Hee(김남희) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3087-5276
Kim, Hyun Sil(김현실) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3614-1764
Ahn, Sung Yong(안성용) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6029-1853
Yang, Ji Hye(양지혜)
Yook, Jong In(육종인) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7318-6112
Cho, Eunae(조은애산드라) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0820-3019
Cha, So Young(차소영) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2810-3883
Cha, Yong Hoon(차용훈) ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1761-3260
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